Modelling of Porosity in Knitted Fabrics
Air permeability is defined as the volume of air (in liters) that is passed in 1 min through 100 cm (10 cmx10 cm) of the fabric at a pressure difference of 10 mm head of water. An experiment to determine the air permeability is very important as it defines the properties of keeping warm, protection against the wind, breathability etc. of knitted fabrics used as clothing. In this study, it has been attempted to establish a theoretical model for the porosity and predicted air permeability of plain knitted fabrics. A theoretical model was created to predict the porosity and air permeability of a knitted structure depending on the geometrical parameters.