Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Karachi
Introduction: Vitamin D is essential for all cells of human body for proper function. It is very important for building bones and muscles. Deficiency of Vitamin D might leads to “Osteoporosis” (loss of bone density), poor immune function, migraines, week and achy muscles, fatigue, thinning hair and brittle nails. Cancer is also a serious disease which is linked with deficiency of vitamin D. Sunlight is the most important and naturally available source of this vitamin. Our kidneys must convert it to its active form, Vitamin D1,25. Some foods are also containing Vitamin D, such as milk and some citrus juices.
Objective: The objective of the study was to find out the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency among general population of Karachi.
Method: Blood samples were collected from different regions of Karachi including both males and females and from different age group which were further analyzed through CLIA technique.
Results: 200 samples were collected through which we found that 82.50% were deficient and 17.50 % were normal and as compare to males females are more deficient from level of Vitamin D in their blood.
Conclusion: According to our survey we can conclude that there is a more percentage of Vitamin D deficiency in Karachi population and females are more affected from this deficiency. So, there is need from higher authorities to take serious action regarding this problem.
Study Design: Cross sectional study. Keywords Vitamin- D; Osteoporosis; Immune function