Relationship amongst Off-Ice and On-Ice Speed and Agility Measures in Men and Women Division III Ice Hockey Players
Ice hockey is a team sport that requires players to perform at high intensity for a short duration (~ 30 to 45 seconds), thereby necessitating anaerobic conditioning. Off-ice performance measures have long been used for ice hockey players however their usefulness has been debated. This has resulted from potential differences in muscle recruitment, metabolic cost, and level anaerobic conditioning to name a few.
Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if a relationship exists between off-ice and on-ice performance measures for sprint, power, and agility tests in male and female Division III ice hockey players.
Methods: 51 Division III ice hockey players (M=32; F=19) performed five performance measures for sprint, agility, and power performance (2 sprints; 2 agility; 1 power). The performance measures were the 20 and 40 yard sprints, M test, Pro-Agility, and the Wingate test. Fastest times were recorded for the 20 and 40 yard sprint tests, and the average time of two trials in each direction was recorded for the M test and Pro-Agility. Wingate peak powerwas recorded.
Results: There was a significant relationship between the 20y, 40y and M test in males (r=0.54, 0.62, and 0.56, respectively) on and off-ice.
Conclusion: When using off-ice performance measures for speed and agility, male performance measures were transferrable from off-ice performance to on-ice performance in straight ahead speed measures and agility measures that do not require a hard stop. The lack of a relationship between off and on-ice performance measures in females is not clearly understood and may be related to differences in skating age, and body composition between male and female ice hockey players
at the Division III level.