Spherical Gold Nanoparticles Impede the Function of Bovine Serum Albumin In vitro: A New Consideration for Studies in Nanotoxicology
Spherical Gold Nanoparticles Impede the Function of Bovine Serum Albumin In vitro: A New
Suspensions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and spherical gold nanoparticles were analyzed to determine if gold nanoparticles (nAu) affect the ligand binding properties of BSA. A range of diameters of nAu with a carboxylic acid capping agent (nAu-cap) were tested, along with nanoparticles conjugated to amine (nAu-NH3+) and carboxyl (nAu-COO-) functional groups via a covalent polymer bridge. All nAu tested were found to affect BSA conformation as determined by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence. Smaller diameters of nAu-cap (30-50 nm), along with nAu-NH3+ and nAu-COO-, impeded the binding of 8-anilino-1-napthalenesulfonic acid (ANS) to BSA. Similarly, smaller diameters of nAu-cap tended to impede oleic acid binding to BSA, with a linear negative correlation observed between nAu-cap diameter and the dissociation constant (KD) of oleic acid over the range of 40-80 nm. 80 nm nAu-cap impeded butanoic acid binding, and necessitated a high-resolution fluorescence assay. As with oleic acid, smaller diameters of nAu-cap tended to impede ibuprofen binding, but no significance could be established.