Journal of Otology & RhinologyISSN: 2324-8785

Reach Us +1 850 754 6199
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

The Auricle in Anatomy, Evolution, Anthropology and Art

The Auricle in Anatomy, Evolution, Anthropology and Art

Objective: Due to a shortage of literature concerning a multidisciplinary approach to the auricle, we decided to examine the pinna from the biological, anthropologic and artistic aspect.

Design: Anatomical investigation, artistic exploration, and review of literature.

Setting: Anatomical laboratory.

Materials and Methods: We explored 15 825 artwork reproductions created by 2 103 authors. In addition, 132 auricles of 66 volunteers were examined anatomically.

Results: True pinna appeared only in mammals in order to improve the range frequency of the received sound. The scientific examination of the auricle began in the 15th century. We distinguished four types of the human auricle: the oval (45.5%), round (13.6%), rectangular (9.1%) and triangular (31.8%).

Special Features

Full Text

View

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page

Media Partners

Associations