Journal of Otology & RhinologyISSN: 2324-8785

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Research Article, J Otol Rhinol Vol: 3 Issue: 2

The Auricle in Anatomy, Evolution, Anthropology and Art

Slobodan V. Marinković1*, Svetlana L. Valjarević2, Ivan R. Milić3, Irina S. Tomić4
1Institute of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology with Maxillofacial Pathology, Clinical Hospital Center Zemun, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
3Clinic of Neurosurgery, Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
4Faculty of Art History, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Corresponding author : Slobodan V. Marinković
Institute of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, Belgrade, Serbia, Dr. Subotić 4/2, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Tel: 381-11-2645958; Fax: 381-11-2686172
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 26, 2013 Accepted: February 18, 2014 Published: March 01, 2014
Citation: Marinković SV, Valjarević SL, Milić IR, Tomić IS (2014) The Auricle in Anatomy, Evolution, Anthropology and Art. J Otol Rhinol 3:2. doi:10.4172/2324-8785.1000152

Abstract

The Auricle in Anatomy, Evolution, Anthropology and Art

Objective: Due to a shortage of literature concerning a multidisciplinary approach to the auricle, we decided to examine the pinna from the biological, anthropologic and artistic aspect.

Design: Anatomical investigation, artistic exploration, and review of literature.

Setting: Anatomical laboratory.

Materials and Methods: We explored 15 825 artwork reproductions created by 2 103 authors. In addition, 132 auricles of 66 volunteers were examined anatomically.

Results: True pinna appeared only in mammals in order to improve the range frequency of the received sound. The scientific examination of the auricle began in the 15th century. We distinguished four types of the human auricle: the oval (45.5%), round (13.6%), rectangular (9.1%) and triangular (31.8%).

Keywords: Auricle; Anatomy; Comparative anatomy; Anthropology; Fine art; History

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