Clinical Research in Orthopedics

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Using Biomechanics to Design Rehabilitation Programs and Equipment

Biomechanics is that the science of movement of a living body, including how muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments work together to supply movement. Biomechanics is a component of the larger field of kinesiology specifically that specialize in the mechanics of the movement.1 it’s both a basic and engineering, encompassing research and practical use of its findings. Biomechanics includes not only the structure of bones and muscles and therefore the movement they will produce, but also the mechanics of blood circulation, renal function, and other body functions. The American Society of Biomechanics says that biomechanics represents the broad interplay between mechanics and biological systems. Biomechanics studies not only the human body but also animals and even extends to plants and the mechanical workings of cells.3 For example, the biomechanics of the squat includes consideration of the position and/or movement of the feet, hips, knees, back, and shoulders, and arms. Dynamics: Studying systems that are in motion with acceleration and deceleration Kinematics: Describing the effect of forces on a system, motion patterns including linear and angular changes in velocity over time also as position, displacement, velocity, and acceleration are studied. 

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