Expert Opinion on Environmental BiologyISSN: 2325-9655

Research Article, Expert Opin Environ Biol Vol: 6 Issue: 2

Aquatic Ecotoxicity Effects of TiO2 Nanocrystals

Amine Mezni1,2*, Nesrine Ben Saber2, Badreddine Sellami3, Tariq Altalhi1, Ali Aldalbahi4, Adil A Gobouri1 and Leila Samia Smiri2

1Department of Chemistry, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

2Research Unit “Synthesis and Structure of Nanomaterials” UR11ES30, Faculty of Science of Bizerte, University of Carthage, 7021 Jarzouna, Tunisia

3National Institute of Science and Technology of the Sea, Tabarka, Tunisia

4Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author : Amine Mezni
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Tel: 966582735533
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: May 22, 2017 Accepted: June 13, 2017 Published: June 19, 2017

Citation: Mezni A, Saber BN, Sellami B, Altalhi T, Aldalbahi A, et al. (2017) Aquatic Ecotoxicity Effects of TiO2 Nanocrystals. Expert Opin Environ Biol 6:2. doi: 10.4172/2325-9655.1000146

Abstract

Aquatic Ecotoxicity Effects of TiO2 Nanocrystals

A new and facile synthesis method of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) is presented in this work. This novel approach allows one to produce titanium dioxide nanoparticles owing to a modified solvothermal process that makes use of Titanium (IV) butoxide as the titanium precursor and Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) as a solvent. The structure and morphology of the TiO2 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Optical absorption measurement showed that the TiO2 nanoparticles exhibit a UV significant absorption peak clearly blue-shifted with respect to that of bulk TiO2. The results showed that monodisperse quasi-spherical TiO2 nanoparticles (with an average size of 11 nm) consisting of pure anatase phase were formed. To investigate the environmental impacts of the new synthesized TiO2 NPs, the oxidative stress in marine bivalves (Mytilus galloprovincialis) was assessed. No considerable effect was found in digestive gland in any of the treatment groups with TiO2 concentration gradients ranging from 0.1 to 100 mg/L. Thus, the level of the superoxide anion, the activity of an antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the GSH/GSSG ratio showed no significantly differences in digestive gland of all treated groups compared to control. Whoever, slight modifications were observed in gill at high concentration (100 mg/L). These results demonstrated that the considered TiO2 appears to exert little toxicity on marine mussels after a short-term exposure at high concentration. The high crystalline quality, together with the easy synthesis process and limited environmental risk, makes the new TiO2 nanoparticles a promising candidate for many applications such as optoelectronics and water photolysis for hydrogen production.

Keywords: Titanium dioxide; Dimethyl sulfoxide; Aquatic ecotoxicity

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