Research Article, J Womens Health Issues Care Vol: 5 Issue: 5
Association between Premenstrual Syndrome and Daily Physical Activity Levels
|Saori Morino1,2,3*, Miho Egawa4, Hinako Hirata2, Fumitomo Nishimura5 Tomoki Aoyama2 and Ikuo Konishi4|
|1Department of System Design Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Kanagawa, Japan|
|2Department of Physical Therapy, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan|
|3Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan|
|4Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan|
|5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Katsura Hospital, Kyoto, Japan|
|Corresponding author : Saori Morino
Graduate School of Technology, Keiko University 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohuku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: June 14, 2016 Accepted: July 07, 2016 Published: July 12, 2016|
|Citation: Morino S, Egawa M, Hirata H, Nishimura H, Aoyama T (2016) Association between Premenstrual Syndrome and Daily Physical Activity Levels. J Womens Health, Issues Care 5:5. doi: 10.4172/2325-9795.1000241|
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and daily physical activity.
Methods: Three hundred forty-nine women (18-50 years) were analyzed. We investigated body mass index, PMS symptoms, physical activity level, and some factors related to PMS (age, sleep time, caffeine intake, alcohol intake, smoking status). Participants were grouped according to physical activity level into low, normal, and high physical activity groups. Binominal logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between PMS and daily physical activity level.
Results: The average physical activity levels of the low, normal and high physical activity groups were 301.4 ± 233.8 kcal, 975.0 ± 187.3 kcal, and 4558.7 ± 3798.5 kcal, respectively. The incidence of PMS was higher in both the low physical activity group (OR=2.45, 95% CI=1.18-5.11) and high physical activity group (OR=2.13, 95% CI=1.01-4.50) than in the normal physical activity group.
Conclusion: PMS rates were higher in women who have either low or high daily physical activity levels than in those with normal physical activity levels. Therefore, women should be advised to avoid inactivity or excessive daily physical activity.