Journal of Surgery & Clinical Practice

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Short Communication, J Surg Clin Prac Vol: 7 Issue: 1

Effective Pain Management Strategies during Surgery

Lukas Rasulic*

1Department of Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

*Corresponding Author: Lukas Rasulic
Department of Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

Received date: 22 February, 2023, Manuscript No. JSCP-23-93035;

Editor assigned date: 27 February, 2023, Pre QC No. JSCP-23-93035(PQ);

Reviewed date: 15 March, 2023, QC No. JSCP-23-93035;

Revised date: 22 March, 2023, Manuscript No: JSCP-23-93035(R);

Published date: 29 March, 2023, DOI: 10.35248/JSCP.23.7.100366.

Citation: Rasulic L (2023) Effective Pain Management Strategies during Surgery. J Surg Clin Prac 7:1.


Pain management during surgery is a crucial aspect of patient care. Surgery can cause pain and discomfort, which can negatively impact the patient's overall experience and recovery. Effective pain management can help reduce the risk of complications, improve patient outcomes, and increase patient satisfaction [1-3]. There are several methods of pain management that may be used during surgery, including general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, local anesthesia, patient-controlled analgesia and medications such as opioids and nonopioids. General anesthesia is the most common method of pain management during surgery. It involves the use of medications to put the patient into a deep sleep and prevent them from feeling pain during the procedure.

General anesthesia is typically administered through an IV (Intravenously) or by breathing in gas through a mask [4,5]. During general anesthesia, the patient is closely monitored by an anesthesiologist. The anesthesiologist adjusts the medications to ensure the patient remains asleep and does not experience pain during the surgery. Once the surgery is complete, the anesthesiologist gradually reduces the medications, allowing the patient to wake up slowly. Regional anesthesia involves the injection of medication into a specific area of the body to numb the nerves and prevent pain. Examples of regional anesthesia include epidural anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, and nerve blocks [6].

Epidural anesthesia involves the injection of medication into the epidural space, which is the area surrounding the spinal cord. The medication numbs the nerves in the lower part of the body, providing pain relief during lower abdominal, pelvic, and leg surgeries. Epidural anesthesia is also commonly used during childbirth to manage labor pain. Spinal anesthesia involves the injection of medication directly into the spinal fluid. This method provides pain relief from the waist down and is commonly used for lower abdominal and leg surgeries [7-9]. Nerve blocks involve the injection of medication around a specific nerve or group of nerves to provide pain relief to a specific area of the body. Nerve blocks are commonly used for surgeries involving the limbs, such as hand, arm, foot, or leg surgeries. Local anesthesia involves the injection of medication into a small area of the body to numb the nerves and prevent pain. Local anesthesia is often used for minor procedures or surgeries, such as dental work or skin biopsies. The medication is injected directly into the area being treated, and the patient remains awake during the procedure.

Patient-Controlled Analgesia involves the use of a device that allows the patient to self-administer pain medication through an IV. The patient can control the amount of medication they receive, which can help improve pain management and reduce the risk of side effects. These devices are programmed by a healthcare provider to deliver a specific dose of medication over a set period of time. The patient can also push a button to receive an additional dose of medication if they are experiencing breakthrough pain. PCA devices are commonly used after surgery to manage pain during the recovery period. The device can be used in conjunction with other pain management methods, such as opioids and non-opioids [10].

Non-opioid medications are often used in combination with opioids to help manage pain during surgery. Non-opioid medications include acetaminophen, Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), and local anesthetics. Acetaminophen is a pain reliever that is often used in combination with opioids to help reduce the amount of opioid medication needed. NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, are also used to help reduce pain and inflammation. Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine, can be injected into a specific area of the body to provide pain relief during surgery [11].


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