Journal of Womens Health, Issues and Care ISSN: 2325-9795

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Research Article, J Womens Health Issues Care Vol: 5 Issue: 5

Effectiveness of Motivational Education Program Combined with Pedometer Use in Promoting Physical Activity among Saudi Females: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Einas Al-Eisa* and Hana Alsobayel
Rehabilitation Health Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding author : Einas S. Al-Eisa
Rehabilitation Health Sciences department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Tel: +966 118052000
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: April 19, 2016 Accepted: June 22, 2016 Published: June 27, 2016
Citation: Al-Eisa E, Alsobayel H (2016) Effectiveness of Motivational Education Program Combined with Pedometer Use in Promoting Physical Activity among Saudi Females: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Womens Health, Issues Care 5:5. doi:10.4172/2325-9795.1000245

Abstract

Objective: Physical activity improves overall health and wellness. There is an escalating level of physical inactivity and high obesity prevalence among the Saudi population; more so among women, due to various cultural factors. The aim of this study was to examine whether using a pedometer, in addition to a motivational education program, improved adherence to a walking program and general health of Saudi women.
Methods: A total of 161 participants were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. A motivational education session followed by weekly motivation text messaging was given to both groups. Participants in the experimental group also used pedometers to promote physical activity.
Results: Adherence, measured by the number of participants completing the 8-week intervention, was significantly higher in the experimental group than the control group (73 of 81 [90%] experimental group; 32 of 80 [40%] control group). No significant differences were seen between groups for physical activity levels or general health parameters before or after the intervention.
Conclusion: Step-counts were below recommended levels of physical activity, reflecting high levels of inactivity among Saudi women. Use of a pedometer improved adherence with a walking program but did not significantly affect physical activity levels or general health parameters.

Keywords: Physical inactivity; Step count; Adherence

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