Journal of Womens Health, Issues and Care ISSN: 2325-9795

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Research Article, J Womens Health Issues Care Vol: 7 Issue: 4

Hyperhomocysteinemia and Folate Deficiency in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes: A Hospital Based Case Control Study (India)

Mishra J1, Puri M2, Sachdeva M P1, Kaur L3 and Saraswathy KN1*

1Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi, India

3Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding Author : Saraswathy Nava Kallur
Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Tel: +919891219711
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received: July 25, 2018 Accepted: August 24, 2018 Published: August 29, 2018

Citation: Mishra J, Puri M, Sachdeva MP, Kaur L, Saraswathy KN (2018) Hyperhomocysteinemia and Folate Deficiency in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes: A Hospital Based Case Control Study (India). J Womens Health, Issues Care 7:4. doi: 10.4172/2325-9795.1000319

Abstract

Abstract Aim: To understand the role of hyperhomocysteinemia in association with nutritional (folate and vitamin B12) factors involved in one carbon metabolic pathway in the causation of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Methods: The case group (women presenting with PPROM) is compared with gestation matched pregnant women without PPROM or any bad obstetric history. Data on demographic, clinical and reproductive profile was obtained from all the women. Fasting blood sample (~5ml) was drawn followed by serum folate, vitamin B12 and plasma homocysteine level estimations. Results: Hyperhomocysteinemia and folate deficiency were found to be posing 8.46 and 2.9 fold increased risk for PPROM cases as compared to the gestation matched controls respectively. The differences were found to be statistically significant for both risk of hyperhomocysteinemia (p<0.0001) and folate deficiency (p=0.002) for preterm premature rupture of membranes. Conclusion: Hyperhomocysteinemia and folate deficiency are associated with PPROM. Keywords Hyperhomocysteinemia; folate deficiency; vitamin B12; preterm complications; rupture of membranes

Keywords: Hyperhomocysteinemia; folate deficiency; vitamin B12; preterm complications; rupture of membranes

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