Reach Us +44 190 292 8240

Expert Opinion on Environmental BiologyISSN: 2325-9655

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article, Expert Opin Environ Biol Vol: 7 Issue: 2

Impact of Roads on Human Ecology

Zainab Hamid* and Muhammad Faheem Malik

Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author : Zainab Hamid
Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: April 26, 2018 Accepted: June 15, 2018 Published: June 21, 2018

Citation: Hamid Z, Malik MF (2018) Impact of Roads on Human Ecology. Expert Opin Environ Biol 7:2. doi: 10.4172/2325-9655.1000157

Abstract

Roads are the main part of our ecology. Rapid increase in urbanization leads to the increment in the construction of roads. However, they impart both good as well as hazardous effects on our society. This review is related to climatic effects of roads on our ecology. Our main concern of this review is about socioeconomic, and health associated impact of roads in Pakistan. Roads are increasing the air pollution by addition of particulate matters due to roads activity. However, Edge effect is reducing the population by disturbing its breeding behavior, nesting behavior, breeding cycles, movement of species and many other factors. Moreover, Heat increase due to elimination of GHG causes the diseases and even deaths of individuals. We cannot ignore the importance of roads on our economy, but we have to use preventive measures for reducing their harmful effects and increasing their useful aspects.

Keywords: Roads; Population; Temperature

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page