GET THE APP

Neglected Disdb: A Broad Internet Framework for Gathering And Analysing Data From Neglected Diseases | SciTechnol

Journal of Applied Bioinformatics & Computational Biology.ISSN: 2329-9533

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article, J Appl Bioinforma Comput Biol Vol: 10 Issue: 5

Neglected Disdb: A Broad Internet Framework for Gathering And Analysing Data From Neglected Diseases

Venu Paritala*, Rajashekhar Reddy S and Sukesh Kalva

Department of Biotechnology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research (Deemed to be University), Vadlamudi, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Venu Paritala
Department of Biotechnology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research (Deemed to be University), Vadlamudi, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
E-mail: vvenuparitala@gmail.com

Received: April 19, 2021 Accepted: May 19, 2021 Published: May 26, 2021

Citation: Paritala V, Reddy RS, Kalva S (2021) Neglected Disdb: A Broad Internet Framework for Gathering And Analysing Data From Neglected Diseases. J Appl Bioinforma Comput Biol 10:5.

Abstract

Biological databases, which offer access to a wide range of biologically related data, play a vital role in the life sciences. This paper suggests a community-defined, uniform, generic definition of the biological database’s core quality. This paper is mostly intended for computer scientists with only a basic knowledge of biology. Scientific literature is being replaced by libraries, Understand the details crowded in statistics and text as a way of disseminating this information to the public neglected disease database (https:// venuparitala.shinyapps.io/Neglated-diseasedb/). The NEGLECTED DISDB is a biological archive that includes disease knowledge for about 20 neglected diseases, as well as genes, targets, and gene network analysis. This database is open to the public, free, and open-source. it was developed with r programming language in r studio by using different packages.

Keywords: Network; genes; targets; database and disease

Introduction

Neglected diseases are a category of diseases that flourish in areas with inadequate access to proper hygiene, clean water, and healthcare, as well as areas where humans live in close proximity to livestock and disease vectors, such as remote and rural areas, informal settlements (or) hot spots. Neglected diseases mainly impact people living in poverty and the most marginalised sections of society in Africa, Asia, and the United States. Around the world, untreated tropical diseases impact over a billion people. Every year, 270 million children under the age of three and over 600 million school-aged children are impacted by malnutrition and disfigurement and social decrimination. Both the ability to recognise the immune processes during parasite configuration in the host and the ability to manage and remove ntd are necessary for control and elimination. As a result, a database is created for the following ntds, which are described on the World Health Organization's website, as well as CDs websites created using the r programming language in r studio using various packages.

1.Buruli Ulcer 2. Chagas Disease 3.Cysticercosis 4.Dengue Fever 5.Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease) 6.Echinococcosis 7.Fascioliasis 8.Human African Trypanosomiasis (African Sleeping Sickness) 9.Leishmaniasis 10.Leprosy (Hansen’s Disease) 11.Lymphatic Filariasis 12.Mycetoma 13.Onchocerciasis 14.Rabies 15.Schistosomiasis 16.Soil-transmitted Helminths (STH) (Ascaris, Hookworm, and Whipworm) 17.Trachoma 18.Yaws 19.Taeniasis and neurocysticercosis 20. Foodborne trematodes.

This database provides extensive details about any neglected illness, including species, genes, network plots, effects, and disease prevention, as well as information from PubMed (https://pubmed. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/). This data will be used by bioinformaticians and biomedical researchers to design drugs and Insilco vaccines, the protein targets responsible for the neglected disease are retrieved from the ChemBL database(https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chembl/), for further studies in drug discovery [1].

This database provides extensive details about any neglected illness, including species, genes, network plots, effects,

Methods

Implementation

NEGLECTED DISDB web application is developed with R (Reproducible Research with R and R Studio, Second Edition, 2018). The server is hosted in a cloud platform. For the development of the analytical pipeline, various R packages were used [2]. The packages are shiny, shiny dashboard, shiny themes, dashboard themes, slickR, DT, gg plot2, multicolor, gg network, shiny css loaders, shiny custom loader, html tools, html widgets. It contains both the user interface and server.

Shiny: Shiny is a R kit that allows you to build immersive web apps directly from R. You can host standalone applications on a website, insert them in R Markdown documents, or build dashboards using R Markdown. You can also add CSS themes, html widgets, and JavaScript actions to your Shiny applications.

Shiny dashboard: shiny dashboard is an R package whose job is to make it easier, as the name suggests, to build dashboards with Shiny

Shiny themes: used top beatification of web page.

Dashboard themes: Customise the Appearance of ‘shiny dashboard’ Applications using Themes. Allows manual creation of themes and logos to be used in applications created using the ‘shiny dashboard’ package. Removes the need to change the underlying css code by wrapping it into a set of convenient R functions.

Slickr: Create Interactive Carousels with the ‘JavaScript’ ‘Slick’ Library. Create and customize interactive carousels using the ‘Slick’ ‘JavaScript’ library and the ‘html widgets’ package. The carousels can contain plots produced in R, images, ‘iframes’, videos and other ‘html widgets’.

DT: the r package provides an r interface to the javascript library data tables. r data objects (matrices or data frames) tin be displayed as tables on HTML pages, and data tables provide filtering, pagination, sorting, and many other features in the tables.

ggplot2: ggplot2 is a R package dedicated to data visualization. It can greatly improve the quality and aesthetics of your graphics, and will make you much more efficient in creating them.

Multicolor: Add Multiple Colors to your Console & R Markdown Output. Add multiple colors to text that is printed to the console.

Ggnetwork: The ggnetwork package provides a way to build network plots with ggplot2. Gg network further requires the network.

Shiny css loaders: shiny css loaders Add Loading Animations to a ‘shiny’ Output While It’s Recalculating. When a ‘Shiny’ output (such as a plot, table, map, etc.) is recalculating, it remains visible but gets greyed out.

Shiny css loaders: Instead, you can use’ shiny css loaders’ to apply a loading animation (“spinner”) to outputs. A spinner can appear when the output is recalculating if you wrap a ‘Shiny’ output in ‘with Spinner()’.

Html tools: htmltools [3] is a R package designed to: Generate HTML tags from R. Handle web dependencies [figure 1].

Figure 1: NEGLECTED DISDB: A broad internet framework for gathering and analysing data from neglected diseases.

Html widgets: The package provides a framework for easily creating R bindings to JavaScript libraries. Widgets created using the framework can be: Used at the R console for data analysis just like conventional R plots (via R Studio Viewer).

Result and Discussion

This database contains the complete information of 20 neglected diseases including the disease tab panel (disease information, disease name), effects tab panel (shows the data how many people are affected), organism tab panel (disease name, disease-causing organism, organism type), control panel (disease name and control disease information), target panel (chembl id; “name”; “UniProt accessions”; “type”; “organism”; “compounds”; “activities”; “tax id”; “species group), each disease having gene name, gene symbol, and frequency present in the gene tab panel, finally pathway and network analysis graphical representation are plotted in the network tab panel.

Home: It is a dashboard page divided into two partitions, one hand represents the database, disease images. On the other hand, there is an overall collection of database representation.

Affect: This tab panel contains information about statistics of diseased population by each neglected disease. On the left hand of the application click on the disease tab panel to explore disease information at another hand.

Disease: This tab panel contains the disease information, and symptoms of each neglected disease out of all neglected diseases, it presents the top filters which easily. On the left hand of the dashboard page click on the disease tab panel to explore disease information on another hand.

Organism: This component represents organisms responsible for disease and it shows the type of organisms like bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, parasite, tapeworm, etc., it plots a graph between organism type and disease which represents which disease is affecting more for eg: virus is more vital than others. User can search for a specific disease in the search box given

Control: tab panel consists of information about which drugs/ prescriptions to be taken for all neglected diseases. On the left hand of the dashboard page click on the disease tab panel to explore disease information on another hand. It presents the top filters which easily to search specific disease name.

Targets: Targets tab panel represents all diseases when you select a disease its display’s all possible targets with accssion id compounds [4, 6].

Genes: This genes tab panel represents all diseases when you select a disease it displays all possible gene names with gene symbol and frequency. On the left hand of the dashboard page click on the disease tab panel to explore about/gene information on another hand. it presents the top filters which easily search specific gene name. It plots a graph between gene symbol and frequency which represents which disease is affecting more for eg: T code 30 times is more vital than others.

Network: This tab panel contains the network connection between the genes data. It displays the pathway analysis to find [7,8].

Conclusion

This database presents overall and complete information regarding neglected diseases, it is free, open-source, and user-friendly, it portable/compatible on any operating system.

Funding

The author(s) received no financial support for the research.

Acknowledgment

Author thanks DST FIST facility provided by the Vignan’s institute for science, technology and research for execution of work.

Conflict of interest

None

Copyright

This work is registered by copyright authority of India. (ROC :SW-13927/2020).

References

Track Your Manuscript