Endocrinology & Diabetes ResearchISSN: 2470-7570

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Research Article, Endocrinol Diabetes Res Vol: 1 Issue: 1

Prevalence and Relationship between Hyperglycemia Hypertension and Obesity in Libreville-Gabon: A Pilot Study

Joel Fleury Djoba Siawaya*, Raïssa Bakimbi Mombo, Alex StaneNguema Obame Abessolo, Amel Kevin Alame Emane and Leonard Kouegnigan Rerambiah
Unit Research and Diagnostic Specialist, National Public Health Laboratory Avenue Felix Eboue, PO Box 10736, Libreville Gabon
Corresponding author : Joel Fleury Djoba Siawaya
Unit Research and Diagnostic Specialist, National Public Health Laboratory Avenue Felix Eboue, PO Box 10736, Libreville Gabon
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 19, 2014 Accepted: December 29, 2014 Published: January 05, 2015
Citation: Djoba Siawaya JF, Mombo RB, Obame Abessolo AS, Alame Emane1 AK, Rerambiah LK (2015) Prevalence and Relationship between Hyperglycemia Hypertension and Obesity in Libreville-Gabon: A Pilot Study. Endocrinol Diabetes Res 1:1. doi:10.4172/2470-7570.1000102

Abstract

Prevalence and Relationship between Hyperglycemia Hypertension and Obesity in Libreville-Gabon: A Pilot Study

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate hyperglycemia hypertension and obesity in Libreville (Gabon).
Methods: 417 individual took part in this study (255 females and 162 males). Body mass index, blood pressure, blood glucose and hemoglobin levels were measured in all participants.
Results: The prevalence of hyperglycemia was 9.5%. Hyperglycemia incidence was 5.8%. Hyperglycemia rate was higher in males (11.8%) as compared to females (8%). 22.2% screened individuals had high-blood pressure. Hypertension rate was found to be higher among male (22.9%) as compared to female (15.2%). The prevalence of overweight and obesity were respectively 29.1% and 24.8%. 4.1% of subjects were under-weight. Respectively 14% of males and 31% of females were obese. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) like conditions among the studied
population was 11%. The proportion of the females with the MetS like conditions was comparable to that of the males (10.6% vs 11.7%).
Conclusion: Diabetes, hypertension and obesity are rapidly rising in Africa; countries like Gabon need to seriously assess the extent of these conditions within their population in order to take the appropriate actions.

Keywords: Diabetes; Hyperglycemia; Hypertension; Obesity

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