Journal of Womens Health, Issues and Care ISSN: 2325-9795

Reach Us +44-7480-724769
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article, J Womens Health Issues Care Vol: 4 Issue: 6

Prevalence and Self-Management of Female Sexual Dysfunction among Women in Six Regions of Ghana: A Cross- Sectional Study

Emelia P Imbeah1, Barima A Afrane1, Irene A Kretchy1*, Joseph A Sarkodie2, Franklin Acheampong3, Samuel Oppong1 and Patrick Amoateng4
1Department of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Ghana, College of Health Sciences, Legon, Ghana
2Department of Pharmacognosy and Herbal Medicine, School of Pharmacy, University of Ghana, College of Health Sciences, Legon, Ghana
3Department of Pharmacy, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
4Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Ghana, College of Health Sciences, Legon, Ghana
Corresponding author : Irene A. Kretchy
Department of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy, University of Ghana School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Legon, Ghana
Tel: +233-244-217845
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: September 29, 2015 Accepted: November 18, 2015 Published: November 20, 2015
Citation: Imbeah EP, Afrane BA, Kretchy IA, Sarkodie JA, Acheampong F (2015) Prevalence and Self-Management of Female Sexual Dysfunction among Women in Six Regions of Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Womens Health, Issues Care 4:6. doi:10.4172/2325-9795.1000212

Abstract

Background: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is widespread and a relevant health condition among women. Few women seek medical care, yet, the patronage of female sex-enhancing agents from the pharmacies, chemical and herbal shops have increased in recent times. The study sought to determine the prevalence and self-management of FSD among Ghanaian women. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted using structured questionnaires to elicit descriptive accounts of sexual experiences, help-seeking behaviours and measures taken to manage the sexual problems. Two hundred and seven (207) sexually active women aged 18 years and above were interviewed from six out of the ten regions in Ghana. Results: The majorities of the respondents was married (53.1%), had tertiary education (74.4%) and were within the ages of 18-29 (52.4%). Of all the respondents, 44.3% were not aware of FSD. The overall prevalence of FSD was 45.6%. The most prevalent sexual problems were pain during sex (72.9%), lubrication difficulties (72.3%), arousal disorder (70.3%), desire disorder (54.2%) and sexual dissatisfaction (27.1%). Only 22.5% of the respondents with FSD sought formal medical help. The reasons for not seeking formal help included the perception that FSD was normal (50.0%), personal embarrassment (19.2%) and time constraints (15.4%). About 57% of the respondents had self-managed at least one sexual problem. Counselling (31.2%), use of vaginal lubricants (24.1%), and sex and relationship strategies (23.4%) were the most cited options for managing FSD. Overall, 85.0% of women perceived the management options were effective. Only 1% of the respondents experienced side effects (vaginal itching) when vaginal lubricants and vaginal herbal preparations were employed. Conclusion: Women in Ghana experience female sexual dysfunction making it a health concern requiring recognition and intervention.

Keywords:

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page

Media Partners

Associations