Research Article, Int J Ment Health Psychiatry Vol: 2 Issue: 1
Trajectories from Childhood to Suicide: The Role of Childhood Adversity and Psychopathology
|Marie Robert1*, Guy Beauchamp1 and Monique Séguin1,2|
|1Department of Psychoeduction and Psychology, Université du Québec en Outaouais, C.P. 1250, succ., Hull, Gatineau (QC), Canada|
|2McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Mental, Health University Institute, Montreal (QC), Canada|
|Corresponding author : Marie Robert
Departement of Psychoeduction and Psychology, Université du Québec en Outaouais, C.P. 1250, succ., Hull, Gatineau (QC), Canada, J8X 3X7
Tel: +1 819-595-3900
Fax: +1 819-595-2250
|Received: November 07, 2015 Accepted: February 06, 2016 Published: February 10, 2016|
|Citation: Robert M, Beauchamp G, Séguin M (2016) Trajectories from Childhood to Suicide: The Role of Childhood Adversity and Psychopathology. Int J Ment Health Psychiatry 2:1. doi:10.4172/2471-4372.1000115|
Objective: With a life course perspective, we have identified the diverse pathways in which cumulative adversity in childhood and adolescence lead to detrimental outcomes: psychopathology and suicide. This study's design allowed us to address some major, controversial developmental issues surrounding the contribution of multiple forms of adversity (victimization events versus non-victimization events) to negative outcomes, specifically mental health disorders and suicide.
Method: We combined three statistical analyses: discrete time survival (DTS), latent class growth analysis (LCGA) and path analysis to identify the sequence of events and conditions that contribute to the development of psychopathology and suicide.
Results: Our results show that the process implicates early childhood adversities that act in a cascading manner and are cumulative in two ways: quantitatively and qualitatively. Therefore, pathways with more severe adverse experiences in childhood (victimization such as abuse or neglect) or with a greater number of adversity events (non-victimization) both tend to produce mental health problems and suicidal behavior early in life, contrary to pathways with fewer or less severe adversities.