Archives of Transplantation

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Short Communication, Arch Transplant Vol: 7 Issue: 1

Transplant Infections: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Jianwei Wang*

Department of Biotechnology, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Jianwei Wang
Department of Biotechnology, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia

Received date: 18 February, 2023, Manuscript No. AT-23-96353;

Editor assigned date: 20 February, 2023, PreQC No. AT-23-96353 (PQ);

Reviewed date: 06 March, 2023, QC No. AT-23-96353;

Revised date: 13 March, 2023, Manuscript No. AT-23-96353 (R);

Published date: 20 March, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/AT.1000134

Citation: Wang J (2023) Transplant Infections: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. Arch Transplant 7:1.


Transplant surgery is a medical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or failing organ with a healthy one from a donor. While transplant surgery has significantly improved the quality of life for many patients, it also carries a risk of infections. Infections after transplant surgery can be serious and sometimes life-threatening. This article will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of transplant infections [1,2].

Causes of transplant infections

The risk of infections after transplant surgery is high due to the immunosuppressive drugs given to prevent the recipient's immune system from attacking the new organ. These drugs weaken the immune system, making it easier for bacteria, viruses, and fungi to cause infections [3,4].

The source of infection can be the donor organ, the recipient's own body, or from the environment. Donor-derived infections can occur when the donor has an infection that is not detected during the screening process. Recipient-derived infections can occur when the recipient has an infection before or after the transplant surgery. Environmental infections can occur due to exposure to bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the hospital or community.

Symptoms of transplant infections

The symptoms of transplant infections depend on the type of infection and the affected organ. Common symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue, loss of appetite, and body aches. Infections of the urinary tract can cause pain during urination, frequent urination, and cloudy or bloody urine. Infections of the lungs can cause coughing, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Infections of the skin can cause redness, swelling, and tenderness. Infections of the surgical site can cause drainage, swelling, and redness [5,6].

Treatment of transplant infections

The treatment of transplant infections depends on the type of infection and the severity of the symptoms. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, while antiviral medications are used to treat viral infections. Antifungal medications are used to treat fungal infections. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required to provide intravenous medications and supportive care [7-10].

Prevention of transplant infections

Preventing infections after transplant surgery is crucial to ensure the success of the transplant and the well-being of the recipient. Steps that can be taken to prevent infections include:

  • Careful screening of donors and recipients for infections before transplant surgery.
  • Proper hygiene, including hand washing, wearing gloves, and using disinfectants.
  • Avoiding exposure to sick people and crowded areas.
  • Monitoring for signs and symptoms of infection after transplant surgery.
  • Prompt treatment of any infections that occur.


Transplant infections can be a serious complication after transplant surgery, but they can be prevented and treated with early detection and appropriate treatment. Donor and recipient screening, proper hygiene, and monitoring for signs and symptoms of infection are essential to prevent infections after transplant surgery.


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