Journal of Obesity and Therapeutics

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Commentary, J Obes Ther Vol: 5 Issue: 3

Weight Loss Treatments and Various Types of Surgical Procedures

Jesmine Khan*

Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author:
Jesmine Khan
Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Received Date: November 04, 2021; Accepted Date: November 19, 2021; Published Date: November 26, 2021

Citation: Khan J (2021) Weight Loss Treatments and Various Types of Surgical Procedures. J Obes Ther 5:3. 110.

Copyright: © All articles published in Journal of Obesity & Therapeutics are the property of SciTechnol, and is protected by copyright laws. Copyright © 2020, SciTechnol, All Rights Reserved.

Keywords: Obesity, Gastric sleeve, bypass


Obesity is a major health trouble worldwide and has reached an epidemic share in the Western society. Evidence keeps to build up that weight problems is a main threat factor for many diseases and is related to significant morbidity and mortality.

What are The Surgical Options?

Surgeons most often carry out 3 kinds of operations

Gastric sleeve

Gastric bypass

Adjustable gastric band

Surgeons less usually use a fourth operation, Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch.

Gastric sleeve

In gastric sleeve surgical procedure, also referred to as vertical sleeve gastrostomy, a surgeon eliminates most of your stomach, leaving most effective a banana-shaped section that is closed with staples. The surgery reduces the amount of meals that could in shape to your stomach, making you feel complete sooner. Taking out a part of your stomach may additionally have an effect on hormones or bacteria with inside the gastrointestinal system that have an effect on appetite and metabolism. This sort of surgical treatment can’t be reversed because some of the belly is permanently removed.

Gastric bypass

Gastric bypass surgical treatment, also referred to as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, is carried out in 3 steps. First, the surgeon staples your stomach, developing a small pouch in the upper section. The staples make your stomach much smaller, so that you consume much less due to the fact you experience complete sooner.

Next, the surgeon divides your small intestine into parts and attaches the lower component directly to the small stomach pouch. Food will bypass maximum of your stomach and the upper a part of your small intestine, so your body absorbs fewer calories.

The surgeon then reconnects the upper a part of the small intestine to a brand new region farther down at the lower a part of the small intestine. This lets in digestive juices in the stomach to flow from the bypassed part of the small intestine to the lower a part of the small intestine, so that food may be completely digested. The bypass changes hormones, bacteria, and different substances in the gastrointestinal tract that may affect urge for food and metabolism. Gastric pass is tough to reverse, although a healthcare professional might also additionally do it if medically necessary.

Adjustable gastric band

In this sort of surgical treatment, the surgeon locates a ring with an inner inflatable band across the top of your stomach to create a small pouch. Like gastric sleeve and gastric bypass surgical treatment, the gastric band makes you experience complete after eating a small quantity of meals. The inner band has a circular balloon inside this is full of saline solution. The surgeon can modify the internal band to resize the outlet from the pouch to the relaxation of your belly with the aid of using injecting or disposing of the saline solution through a small device, referred to as a port this is positioned under your skin.

After surgical treatment, you’ll need numerous follow-up visits to modify the size of the band opening. If the band reasons troubles or isn’t assisting you lose sufficient weight, the surgeon may remove it.

Today, adjustable gastric band surgical treatment is much less commonly carried out in the United States, as compared with the gastric sleeve or gastric pass, due to the fact it is related to greater complications, predominantly the need for band elimination because of intolerance. Gastric band surgical treatment additionally generally effects in significantly much less weight reduction and is related to greater complications, predominately the want for band elimination due to intolerance.

Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch

A surgery referred to as Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, or “mixed surgical treatment,” entails separate procedures. The first technique is much like gastric sleeve surgical treatment. A 2d surgery divides the small gut into tracts. Food move via one tract, by passing maximum of the small intestine. This reduces the range of calories and quantity of nutrients absorbed. Digestive juices flow from the stomach via the other intestinal tract and mix with meals as it enters the colon.

This sort of surgery lets in you to lose more weight as compared with the other 3 operations described above. However, it’s also the most likely to cause surgical treatment-associated problems and a shortage of vitamins, minerals, and proteins to your body. For those reasons, surgeons do not perform this specific procedure often. However, some surgeons might also additionally endorse it for patients who’ve extreme obesity plus other health conditions.

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