Clinical Dermatology Research JournalISSN: 2576-1439

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Aplasia cutis congenita with ectopic mongolian spot in a child of a patient of mulitple sclerosis: A rare case report

Shiti Bose, Niharika Jha, Emy Abi Thomas, Anuradha Bhatia

Christian Medical College-Baba Farid University of Heath Sciences, India

: J Clin Exp Dermatol Res


Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare heterogenous disorder which is characterized by focal absence of skin since birth. Underlying structures such as bone or dura may also be involved. We report a case of a newborn male with a membranous type of ACC over vertex extending to the left parietal region with partial agenesis of parietal bone and ectopic mongolian spot over the left ankle. In our case, the neonate’s mother is a known case of multiple sclerosis and was on oral steroids and vitamin B12 supplements in her first trimester. She also received a single dose of intravenous immunoglobin (IVIG) in her first trimester. Due to a lack of supporting literature, it was difficult to determine as to whether either corticosteroids or maternal multiple sclerosis caused ACC in the neonate, hence a possibility of either is considered in the present scenario. To the best of our knowledge, such a case has not been reported until now.


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