Expert Opinion on Environmental BiologyISSN: 2325-9655

Reach Us +44 190 292 8240
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article, Expert Opin Environ Biol Vol: 4 Issue: 2

Pulmonotoxicity in Response to Occupational Exposure to a Mixture of Pesticides

Neghab M1*, Soleimani E2, Safdari Kashkouli N2 and Darvish M2
1Professor, Department of Occupational Health and Research Center for Health Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2Student’s Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Corresponding author : Dr. Masoud Neghab
Research Center for Health Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran., P.O. Box 111, Post code 71645, Shiraz, Iran
Tel: +98-713-7251020; Fax: +98-713-7260225
E-mail:[email protected]
Received: March 27, 2015 Accepted: August 02, 2013 Published: May 12, 2015
Citation: Masoud N, Esmaeel S, Narges Safdari K, Manijeh D (2015) Pulmonotoxicity in Response to Occupational Exposure to a Mixture of Pesticides. Expert Opin Environ Biol 4:2 doi:10.4172/2325-9655.1000118

Abstract

 Pulmonotoxicity in Response to Occupational Exposure to a Mixture of Pesticides

Objective: pesticides are chemical compounds used against vectors of human and animal diseases as well as plant pests. This cross sectional analytical study was undertaken to assess pulmonary reactions, if any, associated with occupational exposure to pesticides in a local pesticide formulating plant. Methods: a group of 75 exposed employees from a pesticide formulating company and 86 unexposed referent subjects from a paperboard recycling factory were investigated. A standard questionnaire used to determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms. Additionally, the parameters of pulmonary function were measured three times for the exposed individuals: 1) before beginning of shift following a 48 hour exposure-free period, 2) Immediately after the end of shift, and 3) after 3 consecutive days of exposure. The tests were also performed once for the controls. Data was analyzed using version 16.0 of SPSS on a personal computer. Results: significant decrements were noted in some parameters of pulmonary function after exposure. Similarly, mean values of all parameters of pulmonary functions, both prior to and after exposure were significantly lower than those of referent individuals. The prevalence of respiratory symptoms such as cough, phlegm and wheezing in the exposed group were significantly higher than those of referent subjects.

Keywords: Pesticides; Occupational exposure; Pulmonary function test; Pulmonotoxicity; Cough; Phlegm; Wheezing

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page