The Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering (JFTTE) promotes rigorous research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for fashion designing and textile manufacturing. JFTTE includes all major themes pertaining to advances in fashion technology and improved understanding of textile manufacturing.
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Enhancing the Absorbency of Bagasse through Enzymatic Delignification
Suitability of the Bagasse fibres to be used for the absorbent hygiene products were improved by enzymatic delignification process, which is the removal of the structural polymer lignin from plant tissue to increase the absorbency of the fiber which is the main requirement for sanitary napkins. Bagasse fibres were delignified in an eco-friendly method using the laccase enzyme and the delignification process was optimized using Box-Behnken experimental design. These delignified fibres were still stiff and may not be suitable for applications in hygiene products.
Comparative Analysis of Apparel Import by Fiber Content: The Case of the United States and Japan
The present study investigated the difference in U.S. and Japanese apparel import demand, driven by fiber content specific to each market and revealed overall characteristics of the corresponding import market. Based on demand theory (Deaton & Mullebaur, 1980), this research (1) calculated price and income elasticities to identify characteristics of U.S. and Japanese apparel import markets by fiber content, and (2) compared differences in the price and income elasticities of apparel imports based on fiber contents in both markets using analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Application of Modified Coir Fiber as Eco-friendly Oil Sorbent
Lignocellulosic fibers are attractive materials due to its abundance nature, sustainability and biodegradability. They are economical and have low processing energy requirements. Modification of these fibers to make them hydrophobic may allow them to be used as sorbent in oil spill. Oil spills can damage the flora and fauna of the sea and have a great impact on economy and environment. In this study, coir fibers have been acetylated to impart hydrophobicity and increase the oil sorption capacity. The product so formed was characterized by FT-IR, TG, SEM and its degree of acetylation was also evaluated. The extent of acetylation was measured by weight percent gain. Studies indicate that a simple squeezing operation was sufficient to remove most of the oil sorbed by the fibers so that the sorbents can be recycled several times for oil spill clean-up. The results suggest that a total or partial substitution of commercial non biodegradable synthetic oil sorbents by natural sorbent materials like modified coir fibers could be beneficial in the oil spill clean-up operation for improving the efficiency of oil sorption.