A Case of Bilateral Retinal Detachment in a Pregnant Patient with Severe Preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is classified as a hypertensive disorder in pregnancy, which occurs in the absence of other causes of elevated blood pressure and in combination with generalized edema, proteinuria or both. Preeclampsia is an obstetric disease of unknown cause that affects approximately 5% of pregnant women. It is a systemic disorder that can affect almost every organ in the body. The visual system may be affected with variable intensity, being the retinal detachment a rare complication. The retinal detachment in preeclampsia is usually bilateral and serous, and its pathogenesis is related to the choroidal ischemia secondary to an intense arteriolar vasospasm. Exudative retinal detachment is an unusual cause of visual loss in Preeclampsia.