Use of Chemo-Informatics to Identify Molecular Descriptors of Auxins, Cytokinins and Gibberellins
We have identified those molecular descriptors differentiating four auxins, four cytokinins and four gibberellins. DRAGON software (version 5.5, 2007) and CambridgeSoft ChemOffice (version 12, 2010) including ChemDraw and Chem3D were used to calculate 212 molecular descriptors. Only 49 descriptors showed statistically significant differences among auxins, cytokinins and gibberellins. Of them, the most important differences can be described as follows. Gibberellins contain terminal tertiary C (sp3), terminal quaternary C (sp3), ring secondary C (sp3), ring tertiary C (sp3), and ring quaternary C (sp3) that are not present either in cytokinins or auxins. Gibberellins are also relatively rich in terminal secondary C (sp3) and 10-membered rings which are absent in cytokinins. Cytokinins have 10 times more nitrogen atoms than auxins but this atom is not present in gibberellins. Auxins have 10 times more substituted benzene C (sp2) and 5 times more benzene-like rings than cytokinins but these structures are not in gibberellins. Regarding the numbers of unsubstituted benzene C (sp2), auxins average 4.50, cytokinins 1.25 but they are absent in gibberellins. A dendogram was generated using data of those molecular descriptors with statistical significant differences (49). The three groups of regulators were correctly classified in three independent branches. The procedure described here may help identify new chemical compounds with potential uses as plant growth regulators.