Journal of Athletic EnhancementISSN: 2324-9080

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Research Article, J Athl Enhancement Vol: 3 Issue: 1

Diagnostic Differences for Anterior Knee Pain between Sexes in Adolescent Basketball Players

Kim D Barber Foss1,2,3,5, Gregory D Myer1,2,4,8,9,10, Robert A Magnussen7,8 and Timothy E Hewett1,2,4,6
1Division of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
2Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
3Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, Utah, USA
4Department of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
5Division of Health Sciences, Department of Athletic Training, College of Mount St. Joseph, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
6Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
7Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA
8Sports Health and Performance Institute, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA
9The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Boston, MA, USA
10Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Corresponding author : Kim D Barber Foss
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 06, 2013 Accepted: January 05, 2014 Published: January 10, 2014
Citation: Barber Foss KD, Myer GD, Magnussen RA, Hewett TE (2014) Diagnostic Differences for Anterior Knee Pain between Sexes in Adolescent Basketball Players. J Athl Enhancement 3:1. doi:10.4172/2324-9080.1000139

Abstract

Diagnostic Differences for Anterior Knee Pain between Sexes in Adolescent Basketball Players

difference in the prevalence of specific patellofemoral disorders that cause anterior knee pain in adolescent basketball players undergoing pre-participation screening. A total of 810 (688 female and 122 male) basketball players from a single county public school district. Main outcome measures: Prior to the start of three consecutive basketball seasons, participants were evaluated for anterior knee pain. Testing consisted of completion of the Anterior Knee Pain Scale. Those with positive findings completed an IKDC form, a standardized history and a physician-administered physical examination. Anterior knee pain was noted in 410 of 1620 knees (25.3%). 26.6% of female knees and 18.0% of male knees were affected (p<0.05). Patellofemoral dysfunction (PFD) was the most common diagnosis with an overall prevalence of 6.4% (7.3% females; 1.2% males). Less common were Sinding-Larsen- Johanssen disease (SLJ), 4.8% (5.0% females; 3.7% males), Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OSD) 2.5% (2.3% females; 4.1% males); and plica syndrome 2.3% (2.1% females; 3.3% males). The remaining diagnoses (trauma, fat pad syndrome, IT band and pes anserine bursitis) had a combined prevalence of 1.7% (1.9% females; 1.6% males). Conclusions: PFD was significantly more common in females (p<0.05). Anterior knee pain was more common in adolescent female basketball players than in adolescent male basketball players.

Keywords: Anterior knee pain; PFD; PFPS; Female athletes

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