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Journal of Athletic EnhancementISSN: 2324-9080

Research Article, J Athl Enhancement Vol: 5 Issue: 1

Activation of Selected Core Muscles during Squatting

Thomas W Nesser1*, Neil Fleming1 and Matthew J Gage2
1Department of Kinesiology Recreation and Sport, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, USA
2Department of Health Professions, Liberty University, Lynchburg, USA
Corresponding author : Thomas W Nesser
Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport, 401 N. 4th St., Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
Tel: 812-237-2901; Fax: 812-237-2493
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 08, 2015 Accepted: March 07, 2016 Published: March 13, 2016
Citation: Nesser TW, Fleming N, Gage MJ (2016) Activation of Selected Core Muscles during Squatting. J Athl Enhancement 5:1. doi:10.4172/2324-9080.1000222


Purpose of this study was to determine core muscle activation during ground-based lifts. Fourteen recreational trained and former NCAA DI athletes (weight 84.2 ± 13.3 kg; height 176.0 ± 9.5 cm; age 20.9 ± 2.0 years) volunteered for participation. Subjects completed two ground-based lifts: overhead press and push-press. Surface EMG was recorded from 4 muscles on the right side of the body; Rectus Abdominus (RA), External Oblique (EO), Transverse Abdominus (TA) and Erector Spinae (ES). Paired sample T-tests identified significant muscle activation differences between the overhead press and the push-press included ES and EO. Average and peak EMG for ES was significantly greater in push-press (P<0.01). Anterior displacement of COP was significantly greater in push-press compared to overhead press during the eccentric phase. The push-press was identified as superior in core muscle activation when compared to the overhead press.

Keywords: Exercise; Rectus abdominus; Muscular capacity; Limb injury

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