Research Article, J Athl Enhanc Vol: 6 Issue: 3
Effect of Verbal Coach Encouragement on Small Sided Games Intensity and Perceived Enjoyment in Youth Soccer Players
Okba Selmi1,2*, Wissam Ben Khalifa1, Nejmeddine Ouerghi1,2, Fedi Amara1, Mehrzia Zouaoui1 and Anissa Bouassida1
1Research Unit, Sportive Performance and Physical Rehabilitation, High Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Kef, University of Jendouba, Tunisia
2Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Tunisia
*Corresponding Author : Okba Selmi
Research Unit, Sport Performance and Physical Rehabilitation, High Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Kef, Tunisia
Tel: +216 20044224
Received: January 16, 2017 Accepted: April 05, 2017 Published: April 10, 2017
Citation: Selmi O, Khalifa WB, Ouerghi N, Amara F, Zouaoui M, et al. (2017) Effect of Verbal Coach Encouragement on Small Sided Games Intensity and Perceived Enjoyment in Youth Soccer Players. J Athl Enhanc 6:3. doi: 10.4172/2324-9080.1000262
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of coach encouragement during small-sided games (SSG) on physical enjoyment (PE) and exercise intensity in youth soccer players.
Methods: Fourteen U-16 male soccer players (mean ± SD: age=15.7 ± 0.7 years, height=176.5 ± 6.1 cm, body mass=67.2 ± 4.9 kg, and body fat=10.7 ± 0.7 %) took part in this study. Testing of players was conducted on separate days (each training session: 25-min: 4x4-min work with 3-min of passive recovery in-between) under two conditions with and without verbal encouragement during 4vs. 4 SSG on a 40×30-m pitch size. PE was measured using the Physical 18-item Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale. The players ’heart rate (HR) was continuously measured, whereas ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected after each bouts of SSG.
Results: The comparison between the two forms of SSG (with and without verbal encouragement) resulted in: a main effect for “condition” on RPE was observed (p<0.001), an increase of percent of HRmax (%HRmax) (p<0.001) and PE (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Coach Encouragement improves the SSG intensity and PE. Our findings emphasize the effectiveness of verbal encouragement coach in motor learning, commitment and the smooth running of a training session.