Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile EngineeringISSN: 2329-9568

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Research Article, J Fashion Technol Textile Eng Vol: 4 Issue: 3

Low-Cost Decolorization of High Concentration Acid Dye Bathes using Photo-Fenton Oxidation and Filtration both with and without Biodegradation

Jablonski MR1*, Ranicke HB2, Qureshi A3, Purohit H3, Reisel JR2 and Satyanarayana KG4
1Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 3200 N. Cramer St., Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 3200 N. Cramer St., Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA
3Environmental Genomics Division (EGD), National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur India, Nehru Marg, Nagpur, 440020, Maharashtra, India
4Honorary Professor, Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research (PPISR), Sy. No. 167, Poornaprajnapura, Bidalur Post, Devanahalli, Bangalore-562 110, Karnataka, India
Corresponding author : Marissa Rae Jablonski
Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 3200 N. Cramer St., Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA
Tel: +1-414-4b05-6978
Fax: 414-229-6958
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Received: April 11, 2016 Accepted: July 19, 2016 Published: July 24, 2016
Citation: Jablonski MR, Ranicke HB, Qureshi A, Purohit H, Reisel JR, et al. (2016) Low-Cost Decolorization of High Concentration Acid Dye Bathes using Photo-Fenton Oxidation and Filtration both with and without Biodegradation. J Fashion Technol Textile Eng 4:2. doi:10.4172/2329-9568.1000138

Abstract

In order to develop a low-cost method that effectively cleans acid dye wastewater from small-scale textile industries, a combination of chemical oxidation (photo-Fenton oxidation) and biological treatment (aerobic biodegradation), was employed. High concentration of three acid dyes (5 g/L) were degraded using hydrogen peroxide (6% pharmacy-grade), hydrochloric acid (household), iron (scrap sheets), and sunlight. Filtration (sand and carbon) was used to remove sludge. Results were obtained using UV-visible spectrometry, GC/MS, and ICP along with determination of COD levels. The novel and low-cost photo-Fenton oxidation process showed great promise for the chemical degradation and decolorization of Acid Fast Red, Acid Golden Yellow, and Acid Ananda Blue dyes. It was observed that this method for oxidation is the first to completely decolorize such high concentrations of dye and that biodegradation may not benefit the process after complete oxidation and filtration has occurred. This study, directly compares four different oxidation times (full and partial 1, 2, 3). Obtained results suggested the possibility of fast and easy implementation in rural textile communities as well as a higher potential for commercial applications.

Keywords: Acid Dye; Photo-Fenton oxidation; Biodegradation; Filtration; Scrap iron

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