Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases ISSN: 2329-9541

Case Report, J Immunol Tech Infect Dis Vol: 5 Issue: 3

Native Valve Endocarditis due to Non-Toxigenic Strain of Corynebacterium diphtheria in a Child: Case Report and Review of Literature

Padmaja K, Lakshmi V*, Sandhya K, Satish OS , Kumar KLN, Amaresh MR and Mishra RC
Department of Microbiology, Cardiology& Cardiothoracic surgery, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Corresponding author : Vemu Lakshmi
Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta, Hyderabad 500082, India
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Received: September 26, 2015 Accepted: January 30, 2016 Published: February 05, 2016
Citation: Padmaja K, Lakshmi V, Sandhya K, Satish OS , Kumar KLN, et al. (2016) Native Valve Endocarditis due to Non-Toxigenic Strain of Corynebacterium diphtheria in a Child: Case Report and Review of Literature. J Immunol Tech Infect Dis 5:3. doi:10.4172/2329-9541.1000144

Abstract

Native Valve Endocarditis due to Non-Toxigenic Strain of Corynebacterium diphtheria in a Child: Case Report and Review of Literature

Corynebacterium diphtheria, the causative agent of diphtheria, is an uncommon cause of infective endocarditis. Although the incidence is low, the non- toxigenic (NT) strains of C. diphtheria are being increasingly reported to be associated with endocarditis due to their aggressive and destructive nature with high rates of associated morbidity and mortality. We here in report a case of native valve endocarditis of the aortic valve in a 9 year old female child caused by non-toxigenic strain of C. diphtheriae biotype mitis.

Keywords: Aortic valve; Vegetation

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