Editorial, J Fashion Technol Textile Eng Vol: 10 Issue: 1
Nonwoven Wet-Laid Glass Fiber Reinforced Polycaprolactone Composite
Department of Apparel Manufacture and Technology, University of Fashion and Technology, Pune, India
*Corresponding Author:Bhanu Rekha
Department of Apparel Manufacture and Technology, University of Fashion and Technology, Pune, India
Received date: 02 December, 2021, Manuscript No. JFTTE-22-57104;
Editor assigned date: 06 December, 2021, PreQC No. JFTTE-22-57104 (PQ);
Reviewed date: 20 December, 2021, QC No JFTTE-22-57104;
Revised date: 27 December, 2021, Manuscript No. JFTTE-22-57104 (R);
Published date: 03 January, 2022, DOI: 10. 4172/2329-9568.1000232
Citation: Bhanu R (2022) Nonwoven Wet-Laid Glass Fiber Reinforced Polycaprolactone Composite. J Fashion Technol Textile Eng 10:1.
In recent decades, scientific research giving more attention to the development of bio-based polymer composites due to the extensive usage of petroleum-based fillers as well as polymer matrices for the generation of polymer composites. In this study, high-moisture regain nature of cellulosic jute fiber significant drawback for jute-based application to reduce the issue and develop better interfacial adhesion hydrophobic nonwoven PP wet-laid glass-fiber matt used with polycaprolactone as a matrix. Nonwoven jute fabric categorized in untreated, silane, alkali, and silane alkali combined modified afterward compounded with the solution of polycaprolactone. Fabrication of composite performed following sandwich method according to different hot-pressing time, pressure, and temperature for detecting a prominent fabrication parameter. Hence, mechanical properties like tensile and impact strength investigation performed to find the consequence after chemical treatment from the non-woven jute fabric resulting in 48.38%, 32.04% improved in tensile strength, and modulus with 39.58% reduced impact strength in alkali silane combined treated composite over untreated optimized composites the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) used for displaying interfacial adhesion between fiber and polymer matrix. Besides, further investigation demonstrating due to combined treatment of alkali and silane optimized composites significantly enhanced the Thermo gravimetric stability in contrast to other composites.
Fiber Treatment and Composite Fabrication
Composite is a substance that's formed using mixing two or more verity of substances in such a way that the outcome substances delivered with properties superior contrast to ordinary ones. Polymer matrix-based reinforces composite got comparatively more attraction compared to ceramic and metal matrix as well as in the area of textile and material research . The exceptional resistance of glass fibers into the ecological assault produced glass-fiber-reinforced polymers more appealing among food and chemical sectors as well as due to low elongation at break, better stiffness and strength with preferable properties turned PCL significant biopolymer contributor in the area of tissue engineering, medical surgery, aerospace, construction industry, automobile, environmental engineering application as well as unremittingly opening new industrial possibilities are broadening day by day . Ordinary jute can be utilized for elementary and non-invasive industrial textile items, whether expected property achieved throughout proper modification, as well as the industry can be capable of offering professional and environmentally friendly products within a reasonable price. Jute has a good enough mechanical property of high specific mechanical strength, good moisture regain (13.75%) and 100% degradable, renewable resources, ease of access, lower-cost, highly breathable, and lower contamination emission to nature .
These factors make jute fiber along with coir, flax, sisal, pineapple, ramie, hemp, and kenaf a high point of interest for researchers for using as a reinforcing material . As a second, most used organic fiber jute will be an outstanding substitute, whereas prospective high specific strength, nonrenewable resources, and a comparatively lower price is an important issue . On the other hand, glass fiber gained enormous attention from the past century to the researchers in compared to other synthetic fiber benefits including significant stiffness, high heat, corrosive and impact resistance, comparatively lower price and simplicity of setup, better processability, relatively better immunity to environmental substances and fatigue. For this reason, a substitute for concrete, wood, and metal materials with glass fiber used a broad array utilizing in fabricating different types of composites such as insulation, heat and corrosion-resistant application and noise reduction . Investigated the tensile strength and bending strength improved after using glass fiber as reinforcement in the sisal-PP composite without influencing tensile and bending modulus as well as significant improvement exhibited in the thermal degradation along with moisture absorption properties of the composite. Manually chopped short length jute with glass fiber reinforced hybrid PET composites exhibit significant improvements in mechanical property due to affecting heap order .
Tensile Strength and Modulus
Proper working parameters are incredibly potential to provide outstanding results together with the essential chemical and physical attributes required. The chemical treatment effect observed from the outcomes of composite mechanical properties. As demonstrating, combined-treated composite sample C2 (7% of NaOH and KH560 with 165 °c temperature and 7 MPa Pressure) exhibiting a substantial maximum effect over other composites . The fiber mass volume ratio has a vital role in keep and dispersing by PCL construction via an external heat and load supplied on composites . Furthermore, 9 minutes of hot-pressing with 6 min cooling considered appropriate requirements for this experimental group to get extraordinary results. Mechanical properties of composite mostly depend on interfacial adhesion between fiber and matrix as well as individual fiber and matrix strength and modulus.
Alkali and silane combined treatment occur potential physical and chemical modification into fiber surface resulting in better interfacial bonding with enhanced tensile strength and modulus over untreated fiber . Because insufficient heat transfer fails to spread PCL properly through jute fabric leads to improper wettability to the surface of jute fiber as well as the interface of glass fiber, causing comparatively weak interfacial adhesion between untreated jute fiber and PCL consequences sample R1 displaying the lowest results in the experimental group. Combined treatment in nonwoven jute fiber matt significantly reduces jute fiber stiffness with increased fiber surface roughness develops better interfacial adhesion within jute fiber and PCL, resulting in exhibiting better tensile strength and modulus, which is almost 48.37% and 32.04% higher compared to untreated composites tensile strength and modulus. Similarly, tensile modulus demonstrating more or less similar results with the tensile strength of composites . In the present experiment, woven jute and glass fiber reinforced PCL composites fabricated using the hot-pressing method where jute used as a sandwich with upper and lower glass fiber sheet with PCL as a matrix. The experiment conducted to see the effect of chemical treatment as well as find the best parameter hot pressing temperature, pressure, and time for the composites. As demonstrated, alkali and silane combined treated optimized sample C-2 exhibited enhanced tensile strength and modulus with reduced impact strength. Surface chemistry analyzed using FTIR and observed fiber modification over untreated fiber. Mechanical properties of this composite influenced by interfacial adhesion between fiber and matrix as substantiated after observing morphological structures with a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Mechanical properties like tensile and impact strength investigation performed to find the consequence after chemical treatment from the woven jute fabric resulting in 48.38%, 32.04% improved in tensile strength, and modulus with 39.58% reduced impact strength in alkali silane combined treated composite over untreated optimized composites. Better fiber-matrix interfacial adhesion resulting in improved thermal stability of combined treated composite over alkali, silane, and untreated composites jute glass fiber reinforced PCL composites.
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