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Review Article, J Fashion Technol Textile Eng Vol: 6 Issue: 3

The Development of Textile and Garment Professional Market, Industrial Agglomeration and Regional Economy

He Zhang1* and Han Gao2

1Management College, Donghua University, No.1882 West Yanan Road, Shanghai, 200051, P.R. China

2School of Government, Peking University, No.5 Yiheyuan Rd., Beijing, 100871, P.R. China

*Corresponding Author : He Zhang
Management College, Donghua University, No.1882 West Yanan Road, Shanghai, 200051, P.R. China
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: October 26, 2018 Accepted: November 20, 2018 Published: November 24, 2018

Citation: Zhang H, Gao H (2018) The Development of Textile and Garment Professional Market, Industrial Agglomeration and Regional Economy. J Fashion Technol Textile Eng 6:3. doi: 10.4172/2329-9568.1000175

Abstract

China's textile and garment professional market development has promoted the industrial agglomeration and the regional economy development, it has important theoretical and practical significance to study how the textile clothing professional market aggravate the industrial agglomeration and serve the regional economy. Based on the literature combing and theoretical analysis, this paper constructs a theoretical model of the interaction between textile and apparel professional market, industrial agglomeration and regional economy, and analyzes how the textile and apparel professional market influences regional economic development through the intermediary effect of industrial agglomeration by using the structural equation analysis method based on the questionnaire survey data. The study found that the textile and apparel professional markets can improve the degree of industrial agglomeration, while industrial agglomeration promotes regional economic development. According to the results of empirical analysis, the paper puts forward some specific strategies to accelerate the development of textile and apparel specialty market, promote industrial agglomeration and accelerate regional economic development.

Keywords: Textile and garment professional market; Industrial agglomeration; Regional economy

Introduction

China's textile and apparel professional market started in the late 80 from the street stalls, have presented broad characters such as large-scale, high-grade, variety of the whole, the features of many and wide radiation after years of evolution and development. By 2016, there’re more than 400 professional market sales of billions of dollars in China, and those market have maintained a speed increase of 20% in sales recent years. At the same time, China Textile Industry Federation awarded more than 200 industrial clusters main business income amounted to 3.44 trillion accounting 44% of the national textile industry main operating income. From the above data, both the development of specialize market and industrial agglomeration have become the backbone of China's economic development. The development of professional market can promote the rise of small and medium-sized enterprises around and improve the market economy activity, while the sustained market activity attracts a large number of related enterprises transferring and gathering to a certain region, we call this collective cluster of industrial agglomeration often improving the production efficiency and ultimately promoting the development of regional economy. Therefore, exploring the impact on the textile and apparel professional market and related enterprises agglomeration on the regional economic development and setting up a relation model of the professional market and industry agglomeration, regional economic development will help us better understand the position of professional market and industrial agglomeration in China's economic development and provide countermeasures and suggestions for development of the linkage between the three.

The current study on the professional market, industrial agglomeration and regional economy mainly concentrated in the following areas: the impact of professional market on industrial agglomeration, the impact of industrial cluster on regional economic development, and the impact of professional market on regional economy. Regarding to the impact of professional market on industrial agglomeration, Lu et al. [1] pointed out that the professional market demand agglomeration effects promoted the formation and development of industrial clusters based on theoretical and empirical research on China's small commodity market in Yiwu and Yiwu business circle. Through the field investigation of Jiaxing's professional market and characteristic industry group, Zhang et al. [2] studied the mechanism of interaction between them from the empirical point of view, probed into the symbiosis mode of the two, and analyzed the main factors that affects their interaction development. Lu et al. [3] constructed specialized market and industrial cluster evolution interaction theoretical framework and model from the perspective of the dynamic evolution, revealing the internal evolution mechanism and the realization mechanism of interaction between the professional market and the industrial cluster, and was empirical tested by taking "Yiwu business circle" as an example further revealing the historical evolution of Yiwu district and its co evolution characteristics. Regarding to the impact of industrial clusters on regional economic development, Feng et al. [4] found that industrial agglomeration promotes regional economic growth through market scale effect, technology and knowledge spillover effect and social capital effect through the analysis of the relationship model between growth and agglomeration. Lei et al. [5] empirical analysis showed that there is a high positive correlation between the concentration of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing industry and the total industrial output value. Wang et al. [6] found that industrial agglomeration and service industry agglomeration have a significant positive impact on economic growth through the empirical study of Guangdong case, but there is regional difference in the degree of impact. On the impact of professional market on regional economy, Ma et al. [7] believed that the professional market also played an active role in promoting the social and economic development, such as employment, innovation and integration of urban and rural areas, and the empirical analysis showed that the professional market have a positive and far-reaching impact on the development of regional economy. Qu et al. [8] empirically analyzed the impact of textile and garment specialized market on regional economy through tooling the data of Oriental Silk Market and Shaoxing Textile City as samples. It is found that the textile and clothing professional market indicators can stimulate the increase of regional economy.

From the above, we realize that scholars have studied the development of industrial agglomeration, industrial agglomeration to regional economy, professional market to regional economy from the theoretical level, and some scholars have verified the above relationship from the empirical level, while there is a few studies analysing the status of industrial cluster between professional market and regional economic development and making an empirical analysis based on sorting out the relationship between the professional market, industrial agglomeration and regional economy. At the same time, due to the small sample size of the textile and garment professional market, the results of empirical analysis using objective data are not so accurate. Therefore, to provide professional textile and garment market, industry agglomeration of our country and regional economic linkage development policy recommendations, we will on the basis of theoretical analysis to establish a research hypothesis and collect relevant sample data by questionnaires, further use structural equation model to study the relationship between textile and apparel specialty market, industrial agglomeration and regional economy.

Around the above ideas, the structure of this study is as follows: the second part of theoretical analysis and research hypothesis; the third part of the empirical research design; the fourth part of the empirical results; the fifth part of the research summary and countermeasures.

Theoretical Analysis, Research Hypothesis and Model Construction

Dimension division of each variable

Dimension division of textile and garment professional market: Ran et al. [9] thought that the competitiveness of professional market constraints could be considered from two levels of internal and external factors, could be divided into 4 factors of professional market competitiveness, that was, market service environment, the competitive advantage of goods, external uncontrollable factors and market transaction costs. Zhang et al. [10] believed that the level of comprehensive competitiveness of professional markets was determined by the level of three subsystems: a certain size and basic hardware and software strength, excellent management ability and sufficient development potential. This study combines the achievements of the above-mentioned scholars and establishes the 4 dimensions of basic strength, attractiveness, management ability and development potential according to the market characteristics of textile and apparel specialty.

Dimension division of industrial agglomeration

Lin et al. [11] considered that the competitiveness of industrial clusters referred to the competitive ability of industrial clusters in a region or even the country in regional market or international market, and analyzed the composition of industrial cluster competitiveness from the three aspects of industrial competitiveness, market competitiveness and sustainable innovation ability. Cai et al. [12] based on Porter's theory, it was pointed out that the factors that affected the competitiveness of industrial clusters included the 4 basic factors, namely, the cooperation and competition behavior, demand condition, factor condition and Industrial Association, which were combined with government and environment two factors. According to Porter's theory of national competitive advantage, combined with the above-mentioned scholars ' researches on industrial agglomeration (group), this study divides industrial agglomeration into three dimensions: basic economy, functional service and development potential.

The dimension division of regional economic growth

Yao et al. [13] thought that the regional economic competitiveness reflected the accumulation of economic competitiveness in the region for a period of time, was not only the status quo of competitiveness and future development potential, and the regional economic competitiveness is divided into total competitiveness, per capita competitiveness and speed competitiveness of three parts. Zhong et al. [14] divided regional economic competitiveness into three areas of regional economic growth, economic efficiency and economic structure. Zhang et al. [15] divided regional economic competitiveness into regional economic strength, degree of economic internationalization, government management, financial factors, infrastructure and innovation factors. Therefore, based on the analysis of regional economic competitiveness, this study divides regional economic development into three dimensions of regional economic development level, regional economic development vitality and regional economic development potential.

Theoretical analysis and research hypothesis

The influence of textile and garment professional market on industrial agglomeration and research hypothesis: (1) As an important commodity trading place, textile and garment professional market has a very strong radiation effect. Textile and garment Professional market provide a low threshold of the sales platform for the industrial agglomeration of related textile and apparel enterprises, improve the success rate of textile and apparel enterprises trading, reduce the operating risk of small enterprises. At the same time, the related industries of textile and apparel enterprises get together based on the strong radiation capacity of professional market, form a certain scale effect, this phenomenon is conductive to the further expansion of textile and garment industry agglomeration.

(2) The professional market of textile and garment has improved the efficiency of industrial agglomeration operation. The high efficiency of the professional market channel of textile and apparel makes the enterprise divisions of labor in the agglomeration deepen and enhance mutual trust. Particularly, the textile and garment industry has a sound chain of production, the further refinement of the industrial chain and value chain reduces the transaction costs of local textile and apparel enterprises, and further achieves the purpose of improving production efficiency.

(3) Textile and garment professional market provide industrial agglomeration information support. As a powerful trading platform, textile and garment professional market can collect the consumer's latest demand information, sales data, consumer preferences, grasp the popular factors of current apparel fabric and so on. Not only reduces the enterprise production operation risk, but also makes the enterprise have more flexible and flexible production.

(4) The professional market of textile and garment can promote the continuous innovation of enterprises in industrial agglomeration. The textile and garment professional market has brought about a fair market environment and strengthened the competition mechanism. In the process of competition, enterprises need to keep learning and positioning themselves, so that the division of labor within the agglomeration area more detailed and clear and ultimately promote the industrial agglomeration of textile and apparel enterprises in the product, technology and enterprise structure optimization.

(5) Textile and garment professional market conducive to the brand promotion and upgrading of industrial agglomeration. With the textile and garment professional market’s visibility and reputation rising within the scope of its sales network, the textile and garment professional market itself has become an intangible asset to textile and apparel enterprises, which requires textile and apparel enterprises to pay more attention to their own brand building and maintenance, and thus to a direction of higher level.

Based on the above analysis, this paper puts forward the hypothesis 1:

H1:The textile and garment professional market has a significant positive influence on industrial agglomeration.

The influence of textile and garment industry agglomeration on regional economy and its research hypothesis:

(1) The external scale economic effect of textile and garment industry agglomeration has promoted regional economic development. In a certain region, textile and apparel enterprises rely on professional market to obtain the development then to form a certain scale, and can share social capital, obtain external economy through the Division of Labor and Cooperation. The external economy has a positive effect on the further development of the adjusted agglomeration region, which can push more external textile and garment enterprises into the agglomeration areas to obtain larger economies of scale.

(2) Textile and garment industry agglomeration promote the continuous innovation of enterprises to push forward regional economic development. Textile and garment industry agglomeration brings together the upstream and downstream enterprises of the industry chain and various research institutions, chambers of Commerce, associations, intermediaries, etc. It integrates the culture and management experience of each organization, increases the communication between each other, and integrates every element in the region. The agglomeration of textile and garment industry makes this area become the cradle of innovation, which provides a fair environment, lowers the threshold of enterprise establishment and promotes the innovation of original competitive enterprises.

(3) The efficient operation of textile and garment industry agglomeration area activates the regional economic development. From the above two points, the textile and garment industry agglomeration within the enterprise formed a high degree of division of Labor and Cooperation situation, a high degree of deepening the division of labor further promote the development of economies of scale. Specialized division of labor makes the transaction frequency increase and cooperation become close, and the complementarity and specificity between the textile and garment enterprises becomes more obvious.

Based on the above analysis, this paper puts forward the hypothesis 2:

H2 : The agglomeration of textile and garment industry has significant positive influence on regional economy.

Logical model construction

According to the dimension division and research hypothesis of the previous variables, the logical model is in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Logical model diagram.

Empirical Research Design

Variable design

Index selection of textile and garment professional market: According to the studies of Guanghe et al. [9] and Zhang et al. [2] and the characteristics of textile and garment market, we choose four dimensions of textile and garment professional market measurement index system, specific measurement indicators as shown in Table 1.

Primary indexes Secondary indexes Codes Sources
Professional Low threshold for market access, few restrictions A11 Guanghe et al. [9]
 market Reasonable rents for shops and stalls, less than other markets with same specifications A12 Guanghe et al. [9]
attractiveness Fixed operating households, low empty rent rate and low mobility A13 Guanghe et al. [9]
A1 Sound credit system and risk prevention system, good business credit A14 Guanghe et al. [9]
  Local Government policy concessions and strongly support A15 Guanghe et al. [9]
  Location advantage, Convenient transportation A16 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
  Rapid development of emerging brands in the market A17 Independent design
Basic Annual turnover A21 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
Strength Annual exports A22 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
 of Total investment in Fixed assets A23 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
 professional Market operating area, the number of stores and existing brands A24 Independent design
 market Asset profitability of representative firms in the market A25 Zhang Fang et al. (2008) [2]
A2 Total profit and tax on professional market A26 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
Professional Perfect, reasonable and transparent market management system A31 Guanghe et al. [9]
 Market High service awareness of market managers and managers A32 Guanghe et al. [9]
Management Ability Market managers and operators have strong synergy with local governments, relevant departments and intermediary agencies A33 Independent design
A3 The market is equipped with a perfect network trading platform and convenient logistics services A34 Independent design
  Market managers and operators on the professional market development and management ability strong A35 Guanghe et al. [9]
  Market managers can rationally plan the layout of market structure A36 Guanghe et al. [9]
  High degree of customer geographical distribution within the market A37 Design of this study
Professional The average growth rate of market turnover is high in recent years. A41 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
market The investment in training and the amount of investment in science and technology are increasing in the market. A42 Zhang Fang et al. [2]
development potential The proportion of e-commerce increased rapidly in annual turnover A43 Independent design
A4 Strong professional market Self-presentation ability (such as forecast launch, product promotion and patent application) A44 Independent design
  Continuous promotion of market image (shop reputation, word-of-mouth, user loyalty) A45 Independent design

Table 1: Index of textile and garment professional market.

Index selection of industrial agglomeration: According to the studies of Zhang et al. [16], Lu et al. [17], Xu et al. [18] and Shi et al. [19] and the characteristics of industrial agglomeration, we select three dimensions of industry agglomeration measurement index system, specific measurement indicators as shown in Table 2.

Primary indexes Secondary indexes Codes Sources
Basic
economic
indexes
B1
High annual sales revenue in industrial agglomeration area B11 Independent design
The proportion of gross industrial value to regional industrial value in industrial agglomeration area B12 Independent design
Enterprise density in industrial agglomeration area B13 Independent design
Leading enterprises gain agglomeration benefit ability in industrial agglomeration area B14 Xu Huijuan et al. [17]
Per capita industrial output value of industrial agglomeration area B15 Qian et al. [19]
Export degree of industrial industry in industrial agglomeration area B16 Qian et al.
Functional
Service
Indexes
B2
Investment density of infrastructure in industrial agglomeration area B21 Independent design
Support degree of financial institutions in industrial agglomeration area B22 Shi Bin et al. [18]
New degree coefficient of fixed assets in industrial agglomeration area B23 Zhang Cuimei et al. [16]
Closely related enterprise network in industrial agglomeration area B24 Lu Jie et al. [17]
The local government has set up a perfect support policy for the agglomeration area. B25 Independent design
Industrial agglomeration area has location advantages and superior industrial environment B26 Independent design
Development potential
indexes
B3
High population flow rate in industrial agglomeration area B31 Qian et al.
New enterprises are born and settled quickly in the industrial agglomeration area B32 Independent design
Agglomeration degree of R&D investment funds and employees in industrial agglomeration area B33 Independent design
New product development capability in industrial agglomeration area B34 Independent design
The proportion of product input in the industrial agglomeration area B35 Shi Bin et al. [19]
The sound degree of innovation mechanism in industrial agglomeration area B36 Xu Huijuan et al.

Table 2: Index of industrial agglomeration.

Index selection of regional economic development: According to the studies of Yao et al. [13], Zhong et al. [14] and Zhang [14], Xu [15] and the characteristics of regional economic development, we select three dimensions of regional economic development measurement index system, specific measurement indicators as shown in Table 3.

Primary indexes Secondary indexes Codes Sources
Regional
Economic
Development
level
C1
Gross National Product C11 Yao Tianxiang et al. [13]
 Financial revenue C12 Yao Tianxiang et al. [13]
Per capita disposable income of urban residents C13 Zhong Changpei et al. [14]
Public health level C14 Xu Jong et al. [15]
The
vitality
of
regional
economic
development
C2
Growth rate of industrial enterprises C21 Yao Tianxiang et al. [13]
Per capita utilization of foreign capital C22 Xu Jong et al. [15]
Per capita investment in fixed assets C23 Yao Tianxiang et al. [13]
Per capita social product sales C24 Zhong Changpei et al. [14]
Volume of civil vehicle ownership C25 Xu Jong et al. [15]
Regional
economic
development potential
C3
Per capita expenditure on science and education C31 Yao Tianxiang et al. [13]
Industrial productivity C32 Yao Tianxiang et al. [13]
Highway density C33 Xu Jong et al. [15]
Number of professional and technical personnel C34 Xu Jong et al. [15]

Table 3: Index of regional economic development.

Questionnaire data design and data collection: The questionnaire is used to express the importance of the textile clothing market, industry agglomeration and regional economy in the form of scale scoring, such as Likert 5 scale, scoring score set to 1-5 points, 1 points is not important, 2 points mean unimportant, 3 points to the importance of general, 4 points to express important, 5 points are important. In this study, the main research object is relevant field experts, government staff and professional workers in Keqiao textile city, Shengze Oriental Silk Market, Guangzhou Zhongda textile wholesale market, Haining Leather City, Changshu garment wholesale market, Shanghai Qipu Road clothing market, Guangzhou WTO city, Jinan Luokou clothing wholesale market and other areas of. Under the survey, 900 questionnaires were sent out and 869 were recovered, among which 813 were valid questionnaires.

Reliability and validity test

Reliability is mainly used to measure the reliability of survey data, and it is an important index to judge the consistency or stability of measurement results.

The Chronbach coefficient was always used to test Likert scale. In basic research reliability should be at least 0.80 to be accepted, in exploratory research. Reliability should be at least 0.70 to be accepted , 0.70~0.98 is high reliability, and less than 0.35 is low reliability. Validity is the accuracy of the questionnaire measurement, which refers to the true degree of the data measured by the questionnaire. The validity of the measurement indicates that the measurement results can show the true features of the measurement. In this article, Factor analysis was used to examine the validity of the questionnaire. If the cumulative variance contribution rate of several groups of indicators common factor is 0.4 the maximum common factor load value is 0.5,the questionnaire has good construct validity. Through the Table 4 reliability data, we can see that the total reliability of the questionnaire reached 0.938, and the component reliability reached 0.7 or even 0.8, indicating that the questionnaire issued meets the reliability requirements. From Table 5 validity data, we can see that the cumulative variance contribution rate of each component is more than 0.5, and the maximum common factor load value is more than 0.4, which shows that the questionnaire has good validity performance. The reliability and validity of the test has been passed, which shows that the follow-up analysis can be carried out.

Questionnaire content Cronbach's alpha
Holistic questionnaire 0.938
Textile and garment professional market segment 0.880
Industrial agglomeration segment 0.853
Regional economic segment 0.746

Table 4: Results of index reliability analysis.

Questionnaire content Cumulative variance rate Factor loading
Textile and garment professional market segment 62.258% 4 common factors, the maximum common factor load value is greater than 0.5
Industrial agglomeration segment 55.625% 3 common factors, the maximum common factor load value is greater than 0.5
Regional economic segment 53.719% 3 common factors, the maximum common factor load value is greater than 0.5

Table 5: Results of index validity analysis.

Analysis of Empirical Research Results

Because of the first-class potential variables involved in this study, the textile and garment professional market, industrial agglomeration and regional economy contain 10 dimensions of two-level potential variables, and the two-level potential variables are represented by more than 50 measurement variables. For ease of calculation and analysis, this research will simplify the original model. By means of calculating the mean value of more than 50 index variables, the 10 two-level potential variables are explicitly treated.

This study will use AMOS.20 to analyze the structure model, and obtain the path coefficients (Figure 2) and the fitting effect between them. In the analysis of the empirical results, the path coefficients, the significance of each model and the fitting degree of the whole model are taken as the criterion. Judging the path coefficient and the significance, it mainly depends on whether the parameter estimate p satisfies less than 0.05, and the criterion of model fitting degree is synthetically considered by χ2, GFI and RMSEA etc.

Figure 2: The structural model path coefficients in this study.

Discussion and Conclusion

From Tables 6, 7 and 8, it is proved that the model has good reliability according to the fitting table and the fitting degree of the structure model. There is a strong positive correlation between the market of textile and garment professional market, industrial agglomeration and regional economy and their two potential variables, and the influence coefficient of textile and garment professional market to industrial agglomeration and industrial agglomeration on regional economy is very high. It is indicated that the textile and garment professional market has promoted the agglomeration of related industries, and hypothesis 1 has been validated. Industrial agglomeration accelerates the development of regional economy, and hypothesis 2 has been validated. It can also be seen from the analysis of structural equation model that industrial agglomeration has intermediary effect on the development of regional economy in textile and garment professional market.

Regression Weights: (Default model) Estimate S.E. C.R. P Label
Industrial agglomeration <--- Professional market 1.146 0.103 11.122 *** W9
Regional economic <--- Industrial agglomeration 0.855 0.076 11.225 *** W8
Professional market management ability
A3
<--- Professional market 0.935 0.085 10.966 *** W1
Professional market base Strength 
A2
<--- Professional market 0.978 0.099 9.873 *** W2
Professional market appeal 
A1
<--- Professional market 0.840 0.103 8.177 *** W3
Development potential of industrial agglomeration
 B3
<--- Industrial agglomeration 1.000        
Industrial agglomeration function Service
B2
<--- Industrial agglomeration 1.070 0.074 14.389 *** W4
Basic economy of industrial agglomeration
B1
<--- Industrial agglomeration 0.931 0.067 13.981 *** W5
Regional economic development leve
lC1
<--- Regional economic 1.000        
The vitality of regional economic development
C2
<--- Regional economic 1.072 0.096 11.182 *** W6
Regional economic development potential
C3
<--- Regional economic 0.614 0.065 9.424 *** W7
Professional market development potential
A4
<--- professional market 1.000        
Note: ***,**indicates significant correlation at 0.01 and 0.05 levels respectively

Table 6: The critical ratio of not standardized regression coefficients in structure model.

Standardized regression weights: (Default model) Estimate Whether to prove the null hypothesis
Industrial agglomeration <--- Professional market .897 Yes
Regional economic <--- Industrial agglomeration .943 Yes
Professional market Management Ability
 A3
<--- Professional market .764 Yes
Professional market Base Strength
 A2
<--- Professional market .698 Yes
Professional market appeal
 A1
<--- Professional market .584 Yes
Development potential of industrial agglomeration 
B3
<--- Industrial agglomeration .864 Yes
Industrial agglomeration function Service
B2
<--- Industrial agglomeration .794 Yes
Basic economy of industrial agglomeration
B1
<--- Industrial agglomeration .780 Yes
Regional economic development level
C1
<--- Regional economic .713 Yes
The vitality of regional economic development
C2
<--- Regional economic .826 Yes
Regional economic development potential
C3
<--- Regional economic .587 Yes
Professional market development potential
A4
<--- professional market .742 Yes

Table 7: The structure model standardized regression coefficients in this paper.

Model CMIN DF CMIN/DF GFI RMSEA RMR NFI IFI
Default model 303.719 33 9.204 0.808 0.091 0.009 0.787 0.805

Table 8: The structural model fit index.

After analyzing and testing the measurement model, the paper summarizes the following two tables, which are the standardized path coefficients for the influence of each index variable of the textile and garment professional market and the industrial agglomeration on its two-level potential variable.

From Table 9 can be seen: attractiveness, basic strength, management ability, the development potential of the textile and garment professional market contribute greatly, its contribution to 0.58, 0.68, 0.76, 0.77, therefore, textile and garment professional market measurement indicators contribute to the development potential of management capacity>basic strength>attractiveness.

Class indexes Secondary indexes Observational variables Whether the original hypothesis is proved
    Textile and garment
professional Market
  Appeal (0.58) Low threshold for market access (0.36) Yes
Rental concessions for market shops (0.59) Yes
  Fixed in the market, low air rental rate (0.88) Yes
Government policy support (0.43) Yes
  Location, Convenient transportation (0.59) Yes
Rapid development of new brand (0.18) Yes
  Basic strength (0.68) Annual turnover (0.48) Yes
Annual exports (0.59) Yes
Investment in Fixed assets (0.72) Yes
Business area, number of shops (0.50) Yes
Representative Corporate profits (0.66) Yes
Annual Tax Amount (0.36) Yes
    Management ability (0.76) Perfect management System (0.61) Yes
Service consciousness of Market manager (0.32) Yes
Synergy ability of Market managers (0.81) Yes
Marketing development ability of market managers (0.21) Yes
A sound network platform and logistics (0.35) Yes
Internal layout of the market (0.69) Yes
Customer Distribution of services (0.28) Yes
  Development potential (0.77) Turnover rate in recent years (0.53) Yes
Training Technology Input (0.37) Yes
Self-presentation Ability (0.76) Yes
Market Image Promotion (0.28) Yes

Table 9: Textile and clothing market standardized factor summary.

It can be seen from Table 10 that: basic economy, functional service and development potential contribute more to industrial agglomeration, and its contribution degree is 0.76, 0.80, 0.89, so the measurement index of industrial agglomeration has the potential to contribute to the development>functional services>basic economy.

Class indexes Secondary indexes Measurement indicators Whether the original hypothesis is proved
      Industrial agglomeration   Basic economic (0.76) Annual sales revenue (0.46) Yes
GDP as a percentage of the region (0.58) Yes
The density of the number of enterprises (0.40) Yes
To lead the enterprise's benefit ability (0.46) Yes
Gross industrial output per capita (0.67) Yes
External export of industrial industry (0.45) Yes
  Functional services (0.80) Infrastructure investment Density (0.67) Yes
Support of financial institutions (0.68) Yes
Relationship network tightness of enterprises (0.52) Yes
Government support policy (0.78) Yes
  Location Advantage, Industrial environment (0.38) Yes
  Development potential (0.89) The birth rate of new enterprises (0.26) Yes
R&D New funds and personnel input (0.55) Yes
New product development capability (0.77) Yes
Research and development investment proportion (0.56) Yes
Note: the number in () is a standardized factor

Table 10: Industry cluster standardized factor summary.

Acknowledgement

1. The National Natural Science Foundation of China 71874027, The Coordination And Complicatied System Model Of Spatial Agglomeration And Knowledge Network For Urban Creative Industries.

2. Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Innovation Projects, 2017-01-07-00-03-E00044, Symbiosis and Value Co-Creation Mechanism for Knowledge Network Systems of Creative Industry Clusters.

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