Polyethylenimine-functionalized pyroxene nanoparticles embedded on diatomite for adsorptive removal of dye from textile wastewater in a fixed-bed column
16th World Nano Conference
June 05-06, 2017 Milan, Italy
University of Calgary, Canada
Posters & Accepted Abstracts : J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol
DOI : 10.4172/2324-8777-C1-009
Providing clean and affordable water to meet the human needs is a big challenge in this century. Globally, the water supply for many industries struggles to keep up with the strong demand. This demand issue is exacerbated by industrialization, which led to water quality deterioration, forming polluted wastewater. Existence of treatment processes to overcome wastewater problems are not efficient and appropriate to maintaining the industrial effluent composition within the standard limits. Specifically, presence of dissolved organic compounds not properly eliminated during the wastewater treatment has a negative impact on human health and the environment. As a novel solution, nanotechnology holds great potential in water and wastewater treatment to improve water quality efficiently. Here, we introduce an innovative technique using environmentally friendly, multifunctional, and effective poly(ethylenimine)-functionalized pyroxene nanoparticles to provide an efficient removal of the dissolved total organic carbon from industrial wastewater in batch and continuous fixed-bed column studies under various conditions. Our study includes arrays of characterization techniques for the prepared nanoparticles and for diatomite (commonly used filter aid) before and after embedding it with the nanoparticles at a very low mass ratio (<5 wt%). Diatomite, on its own, has a very low adsorption capacity for the dissolved organic contaminants in field applications. Among these applications is the employment of diatomite with a rotary drum filter (RDF). Therefore, we embedded the nanoparticles to improve the performance of the diatomite employed with a rotary drum filter used for the removal of dissolved organic pollutants. This followed our bench scale adsorption experiment using a continuous fixed-bed column that is considered to be the best lab scale model for the rotary drum filter. The experimental results showed that, compared to using activated carbon and magnetic nanoparticles, the prepared nanoparticles were very effective in the removal of dissolved organic contaminants in batch and continuous fixed-bed column experiments. In continuous fixed-bed column experiments, the breakthrough behavior was described using a convection-axial dispersion model that had a good fit with the obtained experimental data. Interestingly, this innovative technique was successfully applied at Executive Mat Ltd, in Calgary in their rotary drum filter after optimizing some operational conditions.
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