Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular NanotechnologyISSN: 2324-8777

The new 3D [email protected] composite structure in photocatalytic degradation process

16th World Nano Conference

June 05-06, 2017 Milan, Italy


M Marchelek, E Grabowska and A Zaleska Medynska

University of Gdansk, Poland

Posters & Accepted Abstracts : J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol
DOI : 10.4172/2324-8777-C1-009

Abstract


Semiconductor-based photocatalysts have attracted increasing interests due to their potential applications in solar energy conversion, hydrogen evolution and photo degradation of organic pollutants. One of the promising approaches is combining some semiconductors to form composites which can improve the efficiency of a photocatalytic system because of novel or enhanced properties that do not exist in individual components. Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the hollow structured materials because of their potential applications for adsorbents, catalysis, drug delivery or even micro reactors. In recent years, bismuth compounds are a promising candidates for visible-light-driven photocatalytic to which increasing attention has been paid. Due to narrow band gap and layered structure, bismuth-containing materials have shown admirable photocatalytic properties under visible light. The characteristics give an opportunity to combine bismuth-containing materials with different semiconductors and create third generation novel composites. The new third generation materials based on [email protected] structure (where BiyXz: Bi2MoO6, Bi2WO6, BiVO4, BiOI) could exhibit higher photocatalytic activity under UV and visible light. Heterogeneous photocatalysis with applying 3D microstructures is really attractive because of low density and (in comparison with other photocatalysts) can be simply separated by filtering without using of centrifugation method. Already described in literature, nanocomposites BiyXz/TiO2 exhibit enhanced activities in photocatalytic degradation of pollutants under visible light illumination, which can be assigned to the optical absorption ability of BiyXz/TiO2 nanocomposites in higher wavelength region. The photocatalysts activated by low powered and low cost irradiation sources (such as LEDs or black fluorescent UV lamps) can be used in air and water purification systems.

Biography


M Marchelek is a PhD student and has her expertise in “Nanomaterial synthesis, investigation of photocatalytic activity of semiconductors and characterization of photoactive powders”. Her evaluation of composites structures cerates new possibilities to increase photocatalytic activity of photocatalysts during pollutants degradation processes in gaseous and aqueous phase. The conducted studies on new 3D semiconductor composites in micro scale gives an opportunity to project materials with unique structures and properties, which could be used in photocatalytic treatment system.

Email: [email protected]

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