Journal of Athletic EnhancementISSN: 2324-9080

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Research Article, J Athl Enhancement Vol: 3 Issue: 2

Quadriceps Muscle Oxygen Availability between Highly- Ranked and Club Sailors during Successive Simulated Hiking Bouts

Vasileios Andrianopoulos, Zafeiris Louvaris, Ioannis Orfanos, Evangelia Kouliaridou, Christos Atzemian and Ioannis Vogiatzis*
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Corresponding author : Dr. Ioannis Vogiatzis
Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. 41 Ethnikis Antistasis Str. 17237 Dafni, Greece
Tel: +302107276130; Fax: +302107239127
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 14, 2013 Accepted: March 04, 2014 Published: March 09, 2014
Citation: Andrianopoulos V, Louvaris Z, Orfanos I, Kouliaridou E, Atzemian C (2014) Quadriceps Muscle Oxygen Availability between Highly-Ranked and Club Sailors during Successive Simulated Hiking Bouts. J Athl Enhancement 3:2. doi:10.4172/2324-9080.1000146

Abstract

Quadriceps Muscle Oxygen Availability between Highly- Ranked and Club Sailors during Successive Simulated Hiking Bouts

Reports indicate that top-class compared to less welltrained sailors demonstrate greater hiking abilities by sustaining greater fractions of their maximum quadriceps muscle strength. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which central hemodynamic and local muscle capacities for oxygen transport and extraction are superior in highly-ranked compared to less well-ranked sailors. Six highly-ranked and six club sailors performed 3 successive 2-min hiking bouts followed by a 4th bout to exhaustion. Vastus lateralis muscle deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration (an index of local muscle oxygen extraction) was measured by Near- Infrared Spectroscopy, whereas cardiac output was determined using impedance cardiography. Six highly-ranked and six club sailors performed 3 successive 2-min hiking bouts followed by a 4th bout to exhaustion. Vastus lateralis muscle deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration (an index of local muscle oxygen extraction) was measured by Near- Infrared Spectroscopy, whereas cardiac output was determined using impedance cardiography. Highly-ranked sailors exhibit superior cardiovascular and quadriceps muscle oxygen utilization capacities. Such superior central and peripheral muscle capacities for oxygen transport and utilization may explain why highly-ranked sailors demonstrate advanced hiking ability.

Keywords: Dinghy sailing; Quadriceps muscle oxygenation; Near infrared spectrometry

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