Journal of Athletic EnhancementISSN: 2324-9080

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Research Article, J Athl Enhancement Vol: 3 Issue: 5

Quadriceps-to-Hamstrings Imbalances in Female Collegiate Soccer Athletes: Implication for Injury

Mikaela D Boham1*, Mark DeBeliso2, Chad Harris3, Ronald P Pfeiffer4
1Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi, TX, USA
2Southern Utah University, Cedar City, Utah, USA
3Central Oregon Community College, Bend, OR, USA
4Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, USA
Corresponding author : Mikaela Boham
Assistant Professor, Director of Athletic Training, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, Island Hall 179E, 6300 Ocean Drive, Unit 5820, Corpus Christi, TX 78412-5820, USA
Tel: 361-825-2169; Fax: 361-825-3708
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: May 21, 2014 Accepted: August 30, 2014 Published: September 06, 2014
Citation: Boham MD, DeBeliso M, Harris C, Pfeiffer RP (2014) Quadriceps-to-Hamstrings Imbalances in Female Collegiate Soccer Athletes: Implication for Injury. J Athl Enhancement 3:5 doi:10.4172/2324-9080.1000169

Abstract

Quadriceps-to-Hamstrings Imbalances in Female Collegiate Soccer Athletes: Implication for
Injury

Sports involving rapid jumping, repetitive stop and go movements, and sudden changes of direction place the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) at an increased risk for injury. Female athletes tend to be quadriceps dominant suggesting a muscular imbalance between the strength of the quadriceps and hamstring thigh muscles. Ideal quadriceps-to-hamstring ratios should be as close to 1 as possible to prevent injuries in athletes; however, ratios of 1.5-1.8 are still considered normal. These Biomechanical imbalances are believed to decrease shock absorption and knee stabilization during landing. The purpose of this study was to examine the strength of the quadriceps-to-hamstrings ratios in female collegiate soccer athletes.

Keywords: ACL injury; Sports injury; Neuromuscular differences; Injury risk factor; Pre-participation physical examination; Quadriceps-tohamstring ratio

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