Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases ISSN: 2329-9541

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Review Article, J Immunol Tech Infect Dis Vol: 3 Issue: 1

The Tsetse Flies� Intestinal Microflora: A Review

Anne Geiger1*, Marie-Laure Fardeau2, Flobert Njiokou3 and Bernard Ollivier2
1UMR 177, IRD-CIRAD, CIRAD TA A-17/G, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
2Aix-Marseille Université, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), UMR/ IRD 235, UMR/CNRS 7294, Equipe MEB, Case 925, Marseille, France
3Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, BP 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Corresponding author : Dr. Anne Geiger
UMR 177, IRD-CIRAD, CIRAD TA A-17/G, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Tel: +33(0)467593925; Fax: +33(0)467593894
Received: October 26, 2013 Accepted: March 03, 2014 Published: March 07, 2014
Citation: Geiger A, Fardeau M, Njiokou F, Ollivier B (2014) The Tsetse Flies’ Intestinal Microflora: A Review. J Immunol Tech Infect Dis 3:1. doi:10.4172/2329-9541.1000124


The Tsetse Flies’ Intestinal Microflora: A Review

Human African Trypanosomiasis is caused by trypanosomes transmitted to humans by the tsetse fly, in which they accomplish their development into their infective metacyclic form. The crucial step in trypanosome survival occurs when it invades the fly midgut where the parasite may be confronted with other bacterial gut inhabitants. The resulting interactions between the bacterial communities and the trypanosome, ingested by the fly taking a blood meal on a trypanosomeinfected host, may determine the evolvement either toward parasite establishment and the initiation of the biological cycle or its elimination. This alternative future of the trypanosome may at least partly depend on the gut microflora composition. The available data are presented in this mini-review.

Keywords: Human african trypanosomiasis; Bacteriome; Trypanosome; Tsetse flies; Interactions

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