Journal of Addictive Behaviors Therapy & Rehabilitation
Editor-in-chief: Peter R. Martin, MD
Vanderbilt University, USA
The Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy & Rehabilitation (JABTR) promotes rigorous research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for Addiction Therapy. The journal includes all major themes pertaining to Substance dependence and Behavioral addiction.
JABTR is lead by scientists throughout the world and provides the editors with expert refereeing, ensuring the high quality of articles published in the Journal. It invites the reports of theoretically informed and empirically grounded research which focuses on important issues related to the fields of Addictive behaviors and Substance abuse. Articles submitted by authors are evaluated by a group of peer review experts in the field, and ensures that the published articles are of high quality, reflect solid scholarship in their fields, and that the information they contain is accurate and reliable.
Incorporating Multicultural Factors Related To Prevention of Adolescent Suicide within Substance Abuse Treatment Settings
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death among people age 15-24. In addition, adolescents in substance abuse treatment are at an even higher risk of suicidal behavior. Recent literature has also discussed the need to consider cultural differences when working with adolescents in substance abuse treatment who need suicide prevention and intervention because ethnic groups differ in rates of suicidal behaviors and context within which suicidal behavior occurs. Due to these alarming rates, developing a culturally competent suicide prevention program specifically for substance abuse treatment is essential. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to increase knowledge of factors related to ethnicity that can be incorporated into prevention of adolescent suicide within substance abuse treatment settings.
Initial Pilot Test of a Group- Texting Intervention to Sustain Opioid Abstinence Following Residential Detoxification and Treatment
Relapse to opioids is common among detoxified patients following discharge from residential treatment. Mobile phone, group-texting technology offers an innovative method for delivering effective, lowcost aftercare during this critical period. Recent research suggests acceptance and mindfulness processes might be useful targets in opioid detoxification. An Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) group-texting intervention was developed and tested in a small pilot study (N=10) with detoxified opioid patients in residential treatment (RT). Participants received 6 ACT-based group sessions while in RT and 4 weeks of ACT group-text messaging following discharge. Overall, the intervention was well received and feasible. Half of the participants received 5 or 6 RT sessions and replied to post-discharge texting prompts. Texting content was generally ACT-consistent, however, the frequency of texts was lower than expected. Two participants sent fewer than 10 texts, and three participants texted between 11 and 20 times during the monthlong intervention. Focus groups indicated acceptability and recommended adjustments to the intervention. ACT mechanisms changed in theoretically predicted ways: Experiential avoidance related to drug and other cues was reduced, and both acceptance and values-driven action were increased across treatment. Preliminary data suggest promise for the novel ACT-based grouptexting intervention, which ultimately, with further development, may be a successful adjunct to aftercare treatment for recently detoxified opioid dependent patients.
Cigarette Smoking, Dependence and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Renewed Approach of an Old Relationship
Introduction: Cigarette dependence is common in cigarette smokers, but the evaluation of its relationship with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) has been rarely performed, particularly for the dimensions of this dependence. The objective of this study is to assess such an association. Methods: We used data on current smokers from two samples: a cross-sectional national study and a case-control study. Results: We found a significant association between cigarette dependence and COPD in current smokers (OR between 2 and 4); the results were confirmed in samples of both studies, by multivariate analysis and dose-effect relationship. The results were in favor of an effect that is independent of cumulative smoking dose and of nicotine physiological dependence; moreover, there was a significant increase in the prevalence of COPD per LCD quintile and FTND dependence categories (p<0.001 for trends). Conclusion: Cigarette dependence is associated with COPD in current smokers, independently of the smoking dose and of nicotine dependence level.
Smoking Cessation Interventions in HIV-Infected Adults in North America: A Literature Review
Cigarette smoking is more prevalent in HIV-infected adults when compared to the general population (50-70%) and is linked to increased morbidity and mortality in this population. Of important clinical relevance, however, 40% of HIV-infected smokers express a willingness to attempt smoking cessation and two-thirds are interested in or considering quitting when asked. The purpose of this paper is to provide a state of the science review of the extant literature on smoking cessation interventions in HIV-infected adults. A comprehensive search of a computerized database for articles appearing in peer-reviewed journals was conducted. The integrative review included 10 articles from medical and nursing journals. Smoking cessation rates ranged from 6%-50% across studies employing pharmacologic and behavioral approaches. Samples sizes were frequently small and the effect was often not sustained over time. Emotional distress was related to smoking behaviors and may have been a barrier to successful smoking cessation. Adherence to pharmacologic therapy often declined over time and may have contributed to low cessation rates. Nicotine replacement therapy combined with a cell phone-delivered intensive counseling intervention showed promising results. Given the high prevalence of smoking among adults infected with HIV, this review supports the need for the development and implementation of innovative and effective interventions tailored to this population that will ultimately result in lower smoking prevalence and improved overall health.