Reach Us +1-209-730-0872

Journal of Forensic Toxicology & PharmacologyISSN: 2325-9841

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article, J Forensic Toxicol Pharmacol Vol: 3 Issue: 4

A Case of Ethanol Intoxication in an Alcoholic Abuser under LongTerm Treatment with GHB

Riccardo Rossi1*, Remo Marsili1, Paola Frati2, Antonio Marcelli1, Ludovica Pieroni3 and Antonio Oliva1
1Institute of Legal Medicine, Catholic University School of Medicine, Roma, Italy
2Institute of Medicine & Law Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic& Orthopaedic sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, IRCSS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy
3Institute of Legal Medicine, University School of Medicine of Perugia, Via Del Giochetto, Perugia, Italy
Corresponding author : Riccardo Rossi, MD
Institute of Legal Medicine, Catholic University School of Medicine, L.go F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy
Tel: 39-06-35507031; Fax: +39-06-35507033
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 07, 2014 Accepted: September 21, 2014 Published: September 23, 2014
Citation: Rossi R, Marsili R, Frati P, Marcelli A, Pieroni L, et al. (2014) A Case of Ethanol Intoxication in an Alcoholic Abuser under Long-Term Treatment with GHB. J Forensic Toxicol Pharmacol 3:3. doi:10.4172/2325-9841.1000128

Abstract

 A Case of Ethanol Intoxication in an Alcoholic Abuser under LongTerm Treatment with GHB

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a naturally occurring short-chained fatty acid produced endogenously within the mammalian brain. This drug has found legal uses as an anesthetic agent and in the treatment of narcolepsy. GHB has been used for alcohol withdrawal syndrome and long term treatment of alcohol addiction. In Italy this drug can be used for the treatment of alcoholism under the supervision of a physician. Research into the nature of these interactions is incomplete and often contradictory. There is evidence that the mechanism in which the 2 drugs interact may be synergistic in nature, such that, when low doses of GHB and alcohol are combined, the resulting effects of the drug combination are markedly greater than the predicted effects based upon each drug administered alone. We present the case of a patient under long-term treatment with GHB for alcohol addiction who was found dead for choking. The toxicological analysis showed a blood alcohol concentration of 2.6 g/L indicating a condition of acute intoxication and GHB concentration in peripheral blood as 9.85 μg/ml. We show autopsy and toxicological data and briefly discuss the possible pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the interaction.

Keywords: Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome; Gammahydroxybutyrate; Ethanol; Choking

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page