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Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Research Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 4 Issue: 2

Evaluation of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire in a Community and Clinical Population of Children and Adolescents

Dimitris Dikeos1, Alexandra Soldatou2*, Foteini Kontopoulou3, George Zelios1, Fotini Haviara1, Antigone Papavasiliou3 and Helen Lazaratou1
1Department of Psychiatry, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
2Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
3Department of Pediatric Neurology, Pendeli Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece
Corresponding author : Alexandra Soldatou, M.D
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Athens Medical School, 2nd Department of Pediatrics, ‘P.& A. Kyriakou’ Children’s Hospital, Thivon & Levadias Str., 11527 Athens, Greece
Tel: +30 210 7793000; Fax: +30 210 7774383
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 03, 2014 Accepted: April 15, 2015 Published: April 17, 2015
Citation: Dikeos D, Soldatou A, Kontopoulou F, Zelios G, Haviara F, Papavasiliou A, Lazaratou H, et al. (2015) Evaluation of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire in a Community and Clinical Population of Children and Adolescents. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 4:2. doi:10.4172/2325-9639.1000154

Abstract

Evaluation of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire in a Community and Clinical Population of Children and Adolescents


Objectives: To evaluate the use of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) in a community and clinical population of children and adolescents and to record their sleep problems; to develop a Greek version of the CSHQ and to assess its psychometric properties.
Methods: The CSHQ was translated in Greek and it was administered to the parents of 576 children aged 1 – 17 years. The community sample was drawn from schools, while the clinical from a Community Mental Health Center and a Pediatric Neurology Department of a Pediatric Hospital. Internal consistency was measured based on Cronbach's α. Differences in the scores were assessed by ANOVA followed by t-tests. Age-dependent analysis was performed for children younger than 4 years and older than 12 years in the clinical population.
Results: Cronbach's α were 0.745 for the total and 0.708 for the community sample. Cronbach's α if item deleted ranged from 0.725 to 0.753. Cronbach's α of the subscales extended from 0.502 (sleep anxiety) to 0.735 (bedtime resistance). For children younger than 4 years, α was 0.732; for children older than 12 years it was 0.878.
Conclusions: The Greek version of the CSHQ demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties in community and clinical populations. Previous findings that CSHQ is a useful tool for toddler and clinical groups were confirmed. This is the first study to demonstrate satisfactory psychometric properties of the CSHQ in a clinical group of adolescents.

Keywords: CSHQ; Parental report; Scale validation; Sleep disorders; Sleep problems

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