Journal of Hydrogeology & Hydrologic EngineeringISSN: 2325-9647

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Research Article, J Hydrogeol Hydrol Eng Vol: 2 Issue: 2

The Influence of the Unsaturated Zone on the High Fluoride Contents in Groundwater in the Middle Voltaian Aquifers- The Gushegu District, Northern Region of Ghana

Musah Salifu1*, Sandow Mark Yidana2, Shiloh Osae 1 and Yaw Serfoh Armah3
1National nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Ghana
2Department of Earth Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
3School of Nuclear and Allied Sciences, University of Ghana, Ghana
Corresponding author : Musah Salifu
National nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Ghana
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: May 02, 2013 Accepted: July 26, 2013 Published: August 07, 2013
Citation: Salifu M, Yidana SM, Osae S, Armah YS (2013) The Influence of the Unsaturated Zone on the High Fluoride Contents in Groundwater in the Middle Voltaian Aquifers- The Gushegu District, Northern Region of Ghana. J Hydrogeol Hydrol Eng 2:2. doi:10.4172/2325-9647.1000107

Abstract

The Influence of the Unsaturated Zone on the High Fluoride Contents in Groundwater in the Middle Voltaian Aquifers- The Gushegu District, Northern Region of Ghana

This study was aimed at determining the origin of elevated fluoride content of groundwater in parts of the Gushegu District of the Northern Region of Ghana. Hydrochemical data from a total of 19 groundwater samples and porewater were analyzed to establish hydrochemical trends which would indicate the major causes of variation in the hydrochemistry. R-mode factor and hierarchical cluster analyses were jointly applied to the data. Three major sources of variation, accounting for over 76% of the total variance in the dataset were revealed. This study establishes that silicate mineral weathering may be the major factor influencing groundwater hydrochemical variation in the area.

Keywords: Groundwater

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