Journal of Addictive Behaviors,Therapy & RehabilitationISSN: 2324-9005

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Research Article, J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil Vol: 4 Issue: 2

Is Waterpipe Smoking a Gateway to Cigarette Smoking among Youth?

Salameh Pascale1,2*, Zeenny Rony2, Antoun Edwina1, Salamé Joseph3, Waked Mirna4, Barbour Barbour5, Zeidan Nina5 and Baldi Isabelle6
1Clinical & Epidemiological Research Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Hadath, Lebanon
2Pharmacy Practice department, School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon
3Charité – Universitätsmedizin University Hospital, Berlin, Germany
4Pulmonology department, Saint Georges Hospital & Faculty of Medicine, Balamand University, Beirut, Lebanon
5Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon
6Laboratoire Santé Travail Environnement, Université Bordeaux Segalen, Bordeaux, France
Corresponding author : Pascale Salameh, PharmD, MPH, PhD
Professor of Epidemiology, Jdeidet El Meten, Chalet Suisse street, Ramza Azzam bldg, 5th floor, Beirut, Lebanon
Tel: 009613385542; Fax: 009611696600
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Received: August 11, 2014 Accepted: March 11, 2015 Published: March 13, 2015
Citation: Pascale S, Rony Z, Edwina A, Joseph S, Mirna W, et al. (2015) Is Waterpipe Smoking a Gateway to Cigarette Smoking among Youth?. J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil 4:2. doi:10.4172/2324-9005.1000136


Is Waterpipe Smoking a Gateway to Cigarette Smoking among Youth?

Introduction: Whether waterpipe smoking is a gateway to cigarette smoking among youth is not known yet. The objective of our study was to assess the profile of dual and single smokers of both, waterpipe and cigarette, and evaluate whether a given type of smoking may be a gateway for the other. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out, using a proportionate cluster sample of Lebanese students in the public and private universities. The questionnaire used in this study was composed of several parts, including the sociodemographic part and a detailed active and passive smoking history, in addition to items of the tobacco dependence scales for both waterpipe and cigarette.

Keywords: Cigarette; Waterpipe; Dual smoking; Dependence; Tobacco; Youth

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