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Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Short Communication, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 7 Issue: 1

Brain Lesions and Sleep Onset REM Periods in Routine EEG

de Amorim IL1*, Silva C1, Peralta AR1-3 and Bentes C1-3

1Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health (Neurology), Portugal

2EEG/Sleep Laboratory, Hospital de Santa Maria-CHLN, Portugal

3Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Portugal

*Corresponding Author : Isabel Loucao de Amorim
Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health (Neurology). Hospital de Santa Maria, CHLN, Avenida Professor Egas Moniz, 1649-035 Lisbon, Portugal
Tel:
918085755
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received: July 12, 2017 Accepted: February 20, 2018 Published: March 04, 2018

Citation: de Amorim IL, Silva C, Peralta AR, Bentes C (2018) Brain Lesions and Sleep Onset REM Periods in Routine EEG. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 7:1. doi: 10.4172/2325-9639.1000205

Abstract

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep usually occurs after 90 minutes of consolidated sleep. Sleep onset REM Period (SOREMP) occurs when REM sleep latency is less than 15 minutes. It is a rare phenomenon, mostly associated with sleep deprivation and narcolepsy. Patients undergoing routine Electroencephalogram (EEG) studies for other reasons than sleep disorders can occasionally have SOREMPs. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of patients with SOREMPS in routine EEG and to evaluate its possible etiologies. This is a retrospective study of all EEGs performed in the EEG/sleep laboratory from Hospital de Santa Maria-Lisbon, during last 6 years. EEGs with REM sleep were selected. Both ambulatory and EEGs performed in the acute setting were included along with Data for cranial CT-scan or MRI. In 6 years, only 8 patients had SOREMPs, among them, it was possible to obtain cranial MRI or CT-scan in 7 patients (one died). One patient with a psychiatric disorder, showed no lesions on MRI. The other 6 had lesions involving brainstem (n=5) or diencephalon (n=1). The etiologies were inflammatory (2), vascular (3) and infectious (1). All lesions except one were acute. These results suggest that when SOREMPs are detected, lesions involving REM sleep structures should be searched for.

Keywords: Sleep onset; REM periods; Rapid eye movement

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