Journal of Addictive Behaviors,Therapy & RehabilitationISSN: 2324-9005

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Research Article, J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil Vol: 4 Issue: 3

Cannabis Associated Elation of Manic Symptoms in a University Cohort (Non- Clinical)

Muhammad T Khalily1,2*, Matthias Schwannauer1 and Brian Hallahan3
1Department Clinical & Health Psychology School of Health in Social Sciences, University of Edinburgh, UK
2Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Islamabad
3School of Medicine, Clinical Science Institute, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
4Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Galway, Galway Roscommon Mental Health Services, Ireland
Corresponding author : Paul J. Higgins
Center for Cell Biology & Cancer Research, Albany Medical College, 47 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, New York 12208, USA
Tel: 518-262-5168; Fax: 518-262-5669
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 16, 2013 Accepted: August 02, 2013 Published: August 05, 2013
Citation: Khalily MT, Schwannauer M, Hallahan B (2015) Cannabis Associated Elation of Manic Symptoms in a University Cohort (Non-Clinical). J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil 4:3. doi:10.4172/2324-9005.1000144


Cannabis is the most frequently used drug worldwide and is a wide spread problem among the young adults. The use of cannabis in some countries such as Pakistan is a traditional habit for the elation of mood and the users are not aware of the link between cannabis use and manic symptoms. The present study aims to investigate the presence of manic symptoms in non-clinical population particularly adolescents and young adults, who use cannabis in a social context and did not report psychiatric illness/ or have no previous psychiatric history. For this purpose a cross sectional design study sample which comprised of non-clinical 100 participants from a general population ,which include 50 individuals using Cannabis for social purpose and with no psychiatric diagnosis, and an equal number of non-cannabis users without cannabis use history and no psychiatric diagnosis were considered for this study. Our results indicated a positive correlation (p<.01) between cannabis use and the presence of manic symptoms and subsequently demonstrate association between cannabis use and manic symptoms. Furthermore our results indicated a significant difference (p<.01) between cannabis users and non-cannabis users on the basis of manic symptoms and impulsiveness. To conclude our findings highlighted the prevalence of manic symptoms in individuals who ingest cannabis in the social context but did not report other psychiatric disorders.

Keywords: Cannabis; Pakistan; Psychosis; Elation; Depression

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