Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Short Communication, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 5 Issue: 3

CPAP effect on Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Mild-Moderate and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Joao Guilherme B Alves1*, Jose Heriston de Morais Lima2, Rosa Camila Gomes Paiva3, Noemia Carla Dantas de Vasconcelos4, Junio Alves de Lima2 and Pollyana Soares de Abreu Morais3
1Mother and Child Care, Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Brazil
2Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brazil
3Department of Physiotherapy, Centro Universitario de Joao Pessoa, Brazil
4Clínica Esperança, Joao Pessoa, Brazil
Corresponding author : Joao Guilherme B Alves, MD, PhD
Mother and Child Care, Instituto de Medicina Integral prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, Recife, Pernambuco – Brazil, CEP: 50070-080
Tel: +11 (81) 99974-6351
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: May 05, 2016 Accepted: July 14, 2016 Published: July 21, 2016
Citation: Alves JGB, Lima JHM, Paiva RCG, Vasconcelos NCD, Lima JA, et al. (2016) CPAP effect on Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Mild-Moderate and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 5:3. doi:10.4172/2325-9639.1000177

Abstract

Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment has been consistently shown to have a positive effect on excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), however no studies comparing subgroups of patients with different levels of mild-moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been performed.

Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of CPAP on quality of sleep by using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in patients with mild-moderate and severe (OSA). Methods: This before-and-after clinical trial evaluated elderly with OSA. CPAP treatment was performed for five working days. Daytime sleepiness was evaluated by the ESS scale applied immediately before and after intervention.

Results: 62 participants aging from 60 to 63 (61.1 ± 8.1) were studied; 42 (68%) males and 20 (32%) females. OSA was considered mild-moderate in 37 (60%) and severe in 25 (40%) patients. The daytime sleepiness evaluated by ESS decreased in both groups: from 20.23 ± 2.07 to 10.47 ± 0.42 in mild-moderate group and from 20.06 ± 1.66 to 10.24 ± 0.36 in severe after the intervention, both p<0,001.

Conclusion: CPAP treatment for a short period can improve significantly the daytime sleepiness in both mild-moderate and severe OSA patients.

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea; Continuous positive airway pressure;Excessive sleepiness disorders

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