Short Communication, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 5 Issue: 3
CPAP effect on Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Mild-Moderate and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea
|Joao Guilherme B Alves1*, Jose Heriston de Morais Lima2, Rosa Camila Gomes Paiva3, Noemia Carla Dantas de Vasconcelos4, Junio Alves de Lima2 and Pollyana Soares de Abreu Morais3|
|1Mother and Child Care, Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Brazil|
|2Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brazil|
|3Department of Physiotherapy, Centro Universitario de Joao Pessoa, Brazil|
|4Clínica Esperança, Joao Pessoa, Brazil|
|Corresponding author : Joao Guilherme B Alves, MD, PhD
Mother and Child Care, Instituto de Medicina Integral prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, Recife, Pernambuco – Brazil, CEP: 50070-080
Tel: +11 (81) 99974-6351
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: May 05, 2016 Accepted: July 14, 2016 Published: July 21, 2016|
|Citation: Alves JGB, Lima JHM, Paiva RCG, Vasconcelos NCD, Lima JA, et al. (2016) CPAP effect on Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Mild-Moderate and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 5:3. doi:10.4172/2325-9639.1000177|
Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment has been consistently shown to have a positive effect on excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), however no studies comparing subgroups of patients with different levels of mild-moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been performed.
Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of CPAP on quality of sleep by using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in patients with mild-moderate and severe (OSA). Methods: This before-and-after clinical trial evaluated elderly with OSA. CPAP treatment was performed for five working days. Daytime sleepiness was evaluated by the ESS scale applied immediately before and after intervention.
Results: 62 participants aging from 60 to 63 (61.1 ± 8.1) were studied; 42 (68%) males and 20 (32%) females. OSA was considered mild-moderate in 37 (60%) and severe in 25 (40%) patients. The daytime sleepiness evaluated by ESS decreased in both groups: from 20.23 ± 2.07 to 10.47 ± 0.42 in mild-moderate group and from 20.06 ± 1.66 to 10.24 ± 0.36 in severe after the intervention, both p<0,001.
Conclusion: CPAP treatment for a short period can improve significantly the daytime sleepiness in both mild-moderate and severe OSA patients.