Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Opinion Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 12 Issue: 3

Examining Breathing Disorders Related to Sleep

Hilbert Koch*

1Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy

*Corresponding Author: Hilbert Koch,
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy

Received date: 22 May, 2023, Manuscript No. JSDTC-23-105546;

Editor assigned date: 25 May, 2023, PreQC No. JSDTC-23-105546 (PQ);

Reviewed date: 08 June, 2023, QC No. JSDTC-23-105546;

Revised date: 15 June, 2023, Manuscript No. JSDTC-23-105546 (R);

Published date: 22 June, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/2325-9639.23.12.127

Citation: Koch H (2023) Examining Breathing Disorders Related to Sleep. J Sleep Disor Treat Care 12:3.


Breathing disorders during sleep are a group of conditions that affect the normal breathing patterns and airflow of individuals while they are asleep. These disorders can have significant consequences on sleep quality, overall health and daily functioning. Understanding and diagnosing these breathing disorders is important for effective management and treatment.

Sleep apnea is one of the most common breathing disorders during sleep. It is characterized by repeated pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while sleeping. These interruptions can occur multiple times throughout the night and disrupt the normal sleep cycle. Common symptoms include loud snoring, daytime sleepiness, morning headaches and irritability. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most prevalent form, caused by a blockage or narrowing of the airway. Central Sleep Apnea (CSA) is less common and occurs when the brain fails to send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliances and lifestyle modifications are commonly used treatments for sleep apnea.

While snoring is a common occurrence, it can also be a symptom of an underlying breathing disorder during sleep. Snoring is caused by the vibration of tissues in the airway, often due to partial blockage or narrowing. Chronic and loud snoring can disrupt sleep for both the individual and their sleep partner. It is important to identify the underlying cause of snoring to determine if it is related to a more serious condition such as sleep apnea. Treatment options for snoring include lifestyle changes, positional therapy, oral devices and surgery in severe cases.

Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS) is a rare sleep-related respiratory disorder that shares a few similar features with sleep apnea. It involves increased resistance to airflow in the upper airway, leading to fragmented sleep and daytime symptoms such as excessive fatigue and difficulty concentrating. UARS is characterized by frequent arousal from sleep without the complete cessation of breathing observed in sleep apnea. Treatment options for UARS are similar to those for sleep apnea and often focus on reducing airway resistance and improving sleep quality.

Nocturnal hypoventilation occurs when there is inadequate ventilation during sleep, resulting in abnormally high levels of carbon dioxide and low levels of oxygen in the blood. This condition is commonly associated with underlying respiratory, neuromuscular or chest wall disorders. The symptoms include morning headaches, excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue. Treatment typically involves using Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) devices to assist with breathing and improve gas exchange during sleep.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) is characterized by repetitive and involuntary movements of the limbs during sleep. These movements can disrupt sleep and lead to daytime sleepiness. While the exact cause is unknown, it is often associated with conditions such as Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Treatment options for PLMD may include medications to relieve symptoms and improve sleep quality.


Breathing disorders related to sleep can have a significant impact on an individual's well-being, overall health and quality of life. Identifying and understanding these disorders are difficult for timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment. If a person, who is experiencing the symptoms such as snoring, pauses in breathing, daytime sleepiness or other sleeprelated issues, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. They can conduct a comprehensive evaluation and recommend the most suitable treatment approach, helping to improve sleep quality and overall health.

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