Journal of Addictive Behaviors,Therapy & RehabilitationISSN: 2324-9005

Research Article, J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil Vol: 7 Issue: 2

Families and Relationships with Friends in the Genesis of Addiction in Adolescents

Alain J* and Imaine S

School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, France

*Corresponding Author : Jourdain Alain
Professor at EHESP, School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, Arènes CNRS 6051 UMR (joint research unit)
EHESP, Département des sciences humaines et sociales (SHS), Avenue du Pr Léon, Bernard, 35043 RENNES-CEDEX, France
Tel: 33 682746740
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: February 19, 2018 Accepted: March 05, 2018 Published: March 12, 2018

Citation: Alain J, Imaine S (2018) Families and Relationships with Friends in the Genesis of Addiction in Adolescents. J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil 7:2. doi: 10.4172/2324-9005.1000177

Abstract

Background: friends play an important role in cigarette and cannabis usage during adolescence. However, the family is also a factor in exposing the adolescent to, or protecting them from, development of consumption. Experimentation with and consumption of these substances happens within a specific relationship configuration: that of a somewhat conflicting relationship between the young people and their parents. Methods: The study was conducted in the Paris area (France) among 15-18 year-olds enrolled in school, with whom we conducted 93 biographical interviews representing 483 person-years of a retrospective observation. Results: Consumption of cigarettes or cannabis is influenced by relationships with peers and meet-ups with friends, especially during weekends, or in the protective school environment. The relationship between adolescents consumption and parents attitude is two-way, consumption can be considered as much a cause of conflict as it is a consequence. Conclusions: First, the product-based approach (tobacco or cannabis) is less interesting than an approach of entry to addiction by life events. Secondly, the analysis of parent-adolescent conflicts and also of exits with friends seems to be powerful levers of action to prevent the entry into the use of cigarettes and cannabis.

Keywords: Adolescent; School; Drug use; Peers; Parent support; Cigarette use

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