Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Research Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 5 Issue: 4

Qualitative Study of Long-Term Sedative-Hypnotic use Patterns

Chang-Wei Chen1, Chien-Ming Yang1,Yaw- Sheng Lin2 and Yun-Lin Tsai3*
1Department of Psychology and Research Center for Mind, Brain & Learning, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan
2Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
3Tsaotun Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Nantou, Taiwan
Corresponding author : Yun-Lin Tsai
Tsaotun Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Nantou, Taiwan
+886 4 9255 0800
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 03, 2016 Accepted: August 24, 2016 Published: September 31, 2016
Citation: Chen CW, Yang CM, Lin YS , Tsai YL (2016) Qualitative Study of Long-Term Sedative-Hypnotic use Patterns. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 5:4. doi: 10.4172/2325-9639.1000184


Hypnotics are the most common choice of treatment for insomnia. Clinically, high proportion of hypnotic users is long-term user. However, studies showed disagreements over the effectiveness and safety of long-term use of hypnotics. Adopting the methods of the grounded theory, this research has conducted a series of in-depth interviews in order to understand the psychological experience and to construct a behavioral theory of the long-term hypnotics users. Twenty-two long-term users of hypnotics have been interviewed with well-trained interviewer. This research has found that long-term hypnotic users could be divided into three pattern groups: “transitional modality”, “contradictory control”, and “inertia balance”. It is anticipated that this research will shed lights on the treatment of long-term hypnotics medication for the clinical practitioners and provide a foundation for the future studies on the relationship between the relevant variables of the medication patterns and the prognosis.

Keywords: Qualitative study; Long-term hypnotic use; Insomnia

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