Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Opinion Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 12 Issue: 6

Rhythms of Rest: Exploring the Concept of Biphasic Sleep

Marcie Carlin*

1Department of Health Psychology, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain

*Corresponding Author: Marcie Carlin,
Department of Health Psychology, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain

Received date: 27 November, 2023, Manuscript No. JSDTC-24-128486;

Editor assigned date: 29 November, 2023, PreQC No. JSDTC-24-128486 (PQ);

Reviewed date: 14 December, 2023, QC No. JSDTC-24-128486;

Revised date: 21 December, 2023, Manuscript No. JSDTC-24-128486 (R);

Published date: 28 December, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/2325-9639.23.12.152

Citation: Carlin M (2023) Rhythms of Rest: Exploring the Concept of Biphasic Sleep. J Sleep Disor Treat Care 12:6.


In a world dominated by the conventional notion of a continuous 7-8 hours of nightly sleep, the concept of biphasic sleep challenges the one-size-fits-all approach to rest. Biphasic sleep involves breaking the nightly sleep into two distinct phases, typically with a shorter period of sleep at night and a nap or siesta during the day. This delves into the historical roots, potential benefits, and practical considerations of biphasic sleep, offering insights into an alternative approach to rest that has intrigued cultures across different time periods. The idea of biphasic sleep aligns with the natural circadian rhythms of the human body. Historically, many cultures embraced segmented sleep patterns, acknowledging the body's inclination for a period of wakefulness during the night. References to biphasic sleep can be found in historical documents, such as medieval literature and diaries, where people often described "first sleep" and "second sleep." The waking period between the two sleep phases was considered a time for reflection, prayer, or quiet activities.

Cultural variations

The concept of biphasic sleep is embedded in cultural practices such as the siesta observed in Mediterranean and Latin American countries. The siesta, a short nap taken after the midday meal, is a traditional response to the natural dip in alertness that occurs in the early afternoon. In China, a cultural practice known as the "noon rest" involves taking a short nap after lunch, recognizing the benefits of a brief period of rest during the day.

Potential benefits of biphasic sleep

Breaking sleep into two phases can contribute to increased alertness and productivity. A shorter nighttime sleep, coupled with a well-timed nap, may result in improved cognitive performance and reduced feelings of fatigue. Some individuals find that biphasic sleep positively impacts mood and creativity. The waking period between sleep phases may provide a quiet and reflective time, fostering a conducive environment for creative thinking. Biphasic sleep allows for greater flexibility in scheduling rest periods. This adaptability can be particularly beneficial for those with unconventional work hours or individuals seeking a more customized approach to their sleep routine.

The duration of each sleep phase in biphasic sleep can vary based on individual preferences and lifestyle. Some may opt for a shorter nighttime sleep and a longer nap, while others may prefer a more balanced division. Consistency in sleep patterns remains important, even within a biphasic sleep schedule. Maintaining a regular sleepwake routine, including consistent nap times, helps regulate the body's internal clock. The effectiveness of biphasic sleep is highly individualized. Experimentation and self-awareness are key to determining the optimal duration and timing of sleep phases for each person. Adhering to a biphasic sleep pattern may pose challenges in societies and work environments that follow a traditional monophasic sleep norm. Scheduling considerations and societal expectations may influence the practicality of adopting biphasic sleep. Transitioning to a biphasic sleep pattern may require an adaptation period. It is essential to be patient and allow the body to adjust gradually to the new sleep routine.


Biphasic sleep challenges the conventional wisdom surrounding nightly rest, offering a different perspective on how humans can structure their sleep patterns. While historical and cultural practices reflect a variety of approaches to sleep, the practical application of biphasic sleep in modern society depends on individual preferences, lifestyle, and the ability to navigate societal expectations. As interest in alternative sleep patterns grows, further research may shed light on the potential benefits and challenges of adopting biphasic sleep, providing valuable insights into the multifaceted nature of rest and well-being.

international publisher, scitechnol, subscription journals, subscription, international, publisher, science

Track Your Manuscript

Awards Nomination