GET THE APP

Short-Term Treatment of Insomnia with the Prescription of Common Sleeping Pills | SciTechnol

Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Short Communication,  J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 10 Issue: 3

Short-Term Treatment of Insomnia with the Prescription of Common Sleeping Pills

Gowthami Bainabaina

Department of Pharmacy, Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Guntur, AP

*Corresponding author: Gowthami Bainabaina, Department of Pharmacy, Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Guntur, AP

Received: March 4, 2021, Published: March 25, 2021

Citation: Bainabaina G (2021) Short-Term Treatment of Insomnia with the Prescription of Common Sleeping Pills, J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 10:3. (264)

Abstract

Insomnia is a sleeping disorder, leading to difficulty in falling asleep.Affecting anyone majorly women’s and older adults with work stress, hormonal changes, menopause, consuming certain medications, intake of caffeine products, alcohol usage etc., Different types of insomnia are observed in which medication is mostly given to chronic insomnia patients, this sleeping disorder accompanies medical, psychiatrist major sleep disorder, with symptoms like fatigue, low concentration, anxiety, depression, mood changes and many other. Treatment of insomnia include different types, it maybe physiological therapies, pharmacological therapy and medication therapy’s.

Keywords: Sleeping Pills, Insomnia

Introduction

Insomnia is a sleeping disorder, leading to difficulty in falling asleep. Affecting anyone majorly women’s and older adults with work stress, hormonal changes, menopause, consuming certain medications, intake of caffeine products, alcohol usage etc., Different types of insomnia are observed in which medication is mostly given to chronic insomnia patients, this sleeping disorder accompanies medical, psychiatrist major sleep disorder, with symptoms like fatigue, low concentration, anxiety, depression, mood changes and many other. Treatment of insomnia include different types, it maybe physiological therapies, pharmacological therapy and medication therapy’s.

Description

Many multiple drug therapies have been used for treatment of insomnia; these medications are known to be hypnotics or sedatives, ranging from dedicated hypnotics, such as zolpidem, to multifunctional benzodiazepine, antihistamines and trazodone, as well as over-the-counter use of the hormone melatonin have been used for treatment. The usage of drug treatments is recommended only in the short term, usually for 7–10 nights, no longer pharmacological treatment is given to patients [1]. Benzodiazepines The benzodiazepine group shares multifunctional clinical effects like anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, amnestic, and hypnotic features. Major of people with primary insomnia takes benzodiazepine or no benzodiazepine gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) agonists as sleeping pills, GABA is the most common neurotransmitter in the CNS, present in the cortex and limbic system. GABA is inhibitory in nature and reducing the excitability of neurons. GABA produces calming effect on the brain. The BZD receptor contains the α1 isoform BZ1 receptor which is highly present in the cortex, thalamus, and cerebellum; responsible for sedative effect inducing sleep. Sixty percentage of GABA receptor is present in alpha subunit. Benzodiazepines can be administered via intramuscular, intravenous, oral, sublingual or rectal gel forms [2]. Melatonin System Melatonin is secreted by penal gland in brain through suprachiasmatic nucleus;

Ramelteon is a synthetic melatonin receptor agonist, conveyed by the retinol hypothalamic the MT1 and MT2 medicate the molecular signaling of melatonin [3]. Side effects of sleeping pills • Dry mouth or throat • Mental slowing or problems with attention or memory • Unusual dreams • Parasomnia • Blurred vision or any other problems with your sight • Difficulty breathing or swallowing • Dizziness or light headedness, which may lead to falls • Gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea and nausea • Drowsiness, more so with drugs that help you stay asleep • Severe allergic reaction • Daytime memory and performance problems Conclusion Basic treatment of medical therapies in sleep medicine is to improve waking function by improving sleep or by increasing energy during wakefulness. Drugs for improving waking function include amphetamine derivatives, modafinil, and caffeine, from benzodiazepine hypnotics to over-the-counter antihistamines. As these medication are prescribed in various fields of medicine it’s important to known the side effects of these sleeping pills for better usage and awareness

References

1. Proctor A, Bianchi T M (2012) Clinical Pharmacology in Sleep Medicine. Int Sch Res Notices 2. Griffin EC, Kaye MA, Bueno RF, Kaye DA, (2013) Benzodiazepine Pharmacology and Central Nervous System– Mediated Effects. Ochsner J. 13(2): 214–223 3. Chung S, Youn S, Yi K, Park B, Lee S, (2016) Sleeping Pill Administration Time and Patient Subjective Satisfaction. J of Clinic Sleep Medicine 12(1)57-62

 

 

 

 

Track Your Manuscript

Google scholar citation report
Citations : 298

Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care received 298 citations as per google scholar report

Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care peer review process verified at publons