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Sleep Related Breathing Disorders | SciTechnol

Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care.ISSN: 2325-9639

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Commentary, J Sleep Disor Vol: 10 Issue: 1

Sleep Related Breathing Disorders

Spandana Kakarla*

Department of Pharmacy, Mallareddy Collage, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding Author:
Spandana Kakarla
Department of Pharmacy
Mallareddy Collage, Hyderabad, India
E-mail:
kuchipudiswapnika@gmail.com

Received: January 8, 2021 Accepted: January 22, 2021 Published: January 29, 2021

Citation: Kakarla S (2021) Sleep Related Breathing Disorders. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 10:1.

Abstract

Sleep-related breathing disorders are conditions of abnormal and difficult respiration during sleep, including chronic snoring and sleep apnea. Some sleep-related breathing disorders have limited health impact, but others can have serious consequences because of their potential effects on sleep and the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.

Keywords: sleep, breathing disorders

Introduction

Sleep-related breathing disorders are conditions of abnormal and difficult respiration during sleep, including chronic snoring and sleep apnea. Some sleep-related breathing disorders have limited health impact, but others can have serious consequences because of their potential effects on sleep and the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.

Sleep-Related Hypoventilation Disorders

Sleep related hypoventilation issues include raised blood levels of carbon dioxide during rest that outcome from an absence of air moving all through the lungs. This inadequate breathing is ordinarily attached to other medical conditions. Frequently, individuals with rest related hypoventilation problems have lung conditions like ongoing obstructive aspiratory infection or pneumonic hypertension. Problems that influence the sensory system and a few sorts of drugs can likewise influence breathing and trigger hypoventilation. A particular kind of rest related hypoventilation problem is called stoutness hypoventilation condition (OHS). This condition can happen in hefty patients and typically co-happens with obstructive rest apnea. It is as often as possible related with helpless rest and can prompt negative consequences for the cardiovascular framework. Numerous individuals with rest related hypoventilation issues battle to inhale appropriately when they are conscious, however the issue regularly increases during rest. Likewise with focal rest apnea, treatment for rest related hypoventilation issues is regularly aimed at dealing with a hidden ailment adding to breathing issues.

Symptoms of PLMD

Hypoxemia is a low level of oxygen in the blood. Sleep-related hypoxemia disorder is when oxygen concentrations drop, but the levels of carbon dioxide don’t raise high enough to cross the threshold for diagnosis as a sleep-related hypoventilation disorder. Sleep-related hypoxemia disorder occurs mostly as the result of another health problem that affects breathing, including a number of types of lung conditions, and addressing hypoxemia frequently involves a focus on that underlying issue.

Snoring

Snoring occurs when air moves around floppy tissue near the back of the throat and causes that tissue to vibrate. Estimates hold that as many as 27% of children11, 40% of adult women, and 57% of adult men undefined snore. Light snoring every once in a while is normal for most people and is not harmful. Snoring that occurs more than three nights per week, though, is classified as a sleep-related breathing disorder.

Risk factors for chronic snoring include things that either constrict the airway or cause tissue to relax. Examples include obesity, use of alcohol and sedatives, chronic nasal congestion, and sleeping on your back. Some people are more inclined to snore because of the anatomy of their mouth, nose, and throat.

Catathrenia

Catathrenia is a pattern of abnormal breathing and vocalization that is often referred to as sleep-related groaning. During episodes of catathrenia, a sleeper takes in a long inhaled breath and then exhales slowly while making a monotone, groan-like sound. As this occurs, the sleeper is not aware of the vocalizations. Catathrenia is uncommon and does not pose any known health risks to the sleeper. However, it can be annoying or disruptive for bed partners or others within earshot. People with catathrenia may also be embarrassed about the sounds once they are made aware of the condition. When desired, treatments for obstructive sleep apnea, such as the use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device, have achieved reductions in catathrenia episodes.

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